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Showing items 1 through 9 of 68.
  1. Library Resource
    August, 2013

    This study identifies several factors
    that inhibit efficiency improvements in the farming sector,
    both in themselves and through the dynamics of their mutual
    interaction. The study observes that incentives faced in the
    labor market have important implications for the land
    structure and, and in many ways, are at the heart of the
    problem of low labor productivity in agriculture. The study
    finds that, while rural households are increasingly

  2. Library Resource
    July, 2013

    This report centers on the problems
    stemming from land issues in Nicaragua. The report's
    main recommendations deal with four priority actions:
    institutional reform; adjustments to the legal framework;
    systematic regularization of land rights; and, firmly
    addressing previous land invasions, and preventing future
    invasions. The issue of land distribution, and ownership is
    especially critical in Nicaragua; indeed, the country

  3. Library Resource
    August, 2014

    The objective of this policy note on
    land is to assist the Government of Moldova in improving the
    effectiveness of land management in agriculture, with a view
    to enhancing the sector's contribution to
    Moldova's economic growth and poverty reduction
    objectives. The note reviews the progress that has been
    made to date on land reform in Moldova, and provides
    rigorous economic analysis of the impacts of the reforms and

  4. Library Resource
    May, 2014

    The extent to which households should be
    allowed to transfer their land rights in post-socialist
    transition economies is of considerable policy interest. The
    authors use data from Vietnam, a transition country that
    allows rental and sales of land use rights, to identify
    factors conducive to the development of land markets and to
    assess the extent to which land transfers enhance productive
    efficiency and transfer land to the poor. They find that

  5. Library Resource
    September, 2013

    Land area measurement is a fundamental
    component of agricultural statistics and analysis. Yet,
    commonly employed self-reported land area measures used in
    most analysis are not only potentially measured with error,
    but these errors may be correlated with agricultural
    outcomes. Measures employing Global Positioning Systems, on
    the other hand, while not perfect especially on smaller
    plots, are likely to provide more precise measures and

  6. Library Resource
    June, 2012

    Although many African countries have
    recently adopted highly innovative and pro-poor land laws,
    lack of implementation thwarts their potentially
    far-reaching impact on productivity, poverty reduction, and
    governance. The authors use a representative household
    survey from Ethiopia where, over a short period,
    certificates to more than 20 million plots were issued to
    describe the certification process, explore its incidence

  7. Library Resource
    August, 2013

    This study aims to assess the extent to
    which reforms have actually been implemented, the impact
    they have had on the rural population, and the challenges
    which, as a consequence, need to be addressed by the new
    administration. This report is organized as follows: Section
    1 describes Mexico's rural economy. It reviews the
    broad context of macro, trade, and sector-level reforms, the
    strengths and weaknesses of both the productive and

  8. Library Resource
    September, 2013

    The authors review the role of land
    policies in the evolving farm structure of transition
    countries in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and the
    Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). They show how
    different policies for land property rights, degrees of
    control of land rental and sale markets, and procedures for
    restructuring former collective or state farms resulted in
    significantly different farm structures in CEE countries

  9. Library Resource
    June, 2013

    While there is a large, though
    inconclusive, literature on the impact of land titles in
    Africa, little attention has been devoted to the study of
    land conflict, despite evidence on increasing incidence of
    such conflicts. The authors use data from Uganda to explore
    who is affected by land conflicts, whether recent legal
    changes have helped to reduce their incidence, and to assess
    their impact on productivity. Results indicate that

  10. Library Resource
    April, 2014

    The authors examine the impact of land
    reform in Vietnam which gives households the power to
    exchange, transfer, lease, inherit, and mortgage their
    land-use rights. The authors expect this change to increase
    the incentives as well as the ability to undertake long-term
    investments on the part of households. Their
    difference-in-differences estimation strategy takes
    advantage of the variation across provinces in the issuance

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