"Agriculture is the main source of livelihood of the majority of people affected by HIV and AIDS globally, and it is being progressively undermined by the disease. In Sub-Saharan Africa AIDS is affecting the rural landscape in ways that demand a rethinking of development policy and practice, and parts of South Asia may soon face a similar situation.... There is clearly tremendous scope for agricultural policy to become more HIV-responsive, both to further AIDS-related objectives and to help achieve agricultural objectives. Yet there are no magic bullets.
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Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2006
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationReports & ResearchDecember, 2005Eastern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa, Kenya
Western Kenya is one of the most densely populated areas in Africa. Farming there is characterized by low inputs and low crop productivity. Poverty is rampant in the region. Yet the potential for agriculture is considered good. In the study described here, researchers looked specifially at soil fertility replenishment (SFR) systems...Focused on two specific systems -- the tree-based "improved fallow" system and the biomass transfer system -- the study compared rates of adoption in poor and nonpoor communities and evaluated the extent to which their adoption reduced poverty.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2005Eastern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa, Kenya
Western Kenya is one of the most densely populated areas in Africa. Farming there is characterized by low inputs and low crop productivity. Poverty is rampant in the region. Yet the potential for agriculture is considered good.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2005Eastern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa, Ethiopia
Policy Analysis for Sustainable Land Management and Food Security in Ethiopia presents a bioeconomic model of this less- favored area in the Ethiopian highlands. The main reason for selecting this case study area is the unique availability of both biophysical and socioeconomic data covering a period of 15 to 20 years.The data provides a valuable opportunity to analyze the relationships between population pressure, poverty, and land degradation and to test policies for reducing vulnerability and improving sustainable management of the resource base....
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationPolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2008Eastern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa, Uganda
Agriculture is vital to the economies of Sub-Saharan Africa: two-thirds of the region’s people depend on it for their livelihoods. Nevertheless, agricultural productivity in most of the region is stagnant or declining, in large part because of land degradation. Soil erosion and soil nutrient depletion degraded almost 70 percent of the region’s land between 1945 and 1990; 20 percent of total agricultural land has been severely degraded. If left unchecked, land degradation could seriously threaten the progress of economic growth and poverty reduction in Africa.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2013Caribbean, Northern Africa, Eastern Africa, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Eastern Europe, Southern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa, Asia
The 2013 Global Hunger Index (GHI) report-the eighth in an annual series- presents a multidimensional measure of national, regional, and global hunger. It shows that the world has made some progress in reducing hunger since 1990, but still has far to go. The 2013 GHI report focuses on resilience in theory and in practice. The relief and development communities have long struggled to understand why some people fare better than others when confronting stresses or shocks.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2016South-Eastern Asia, Asia, Myanmar
The purpose of this policy brief is to provide national and state-level policymakers, private sector investors, civil society and donors with an analysis of the rural economy of Mon State and pathways to improved prosperity for its population. The analysis is based on a representative survey (the Mon State Rural Household Survey 2015) of 1680 rural households, which comprise 73% of Mon State’s 2 million residents, and extensive interviews with farmers, traders, processors, local leaders and government officials.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 1999Eastern Asia
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 1997
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2007Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Eastern Africa, Ethiopia
This article investigates the effects of wheat genetic diversity and land degradation on risk and agricultural productivity in less favored production environments of a developing agricultural economy. Drawing production data from a household survey conducted in the highlands of Ethiopia, we estimate a stochastic production function to evaluate the effects of variety richness, land degradation, and their interaction on the mean and the variance of wheat yield. Ethiopia is a center of diversity for durum wheat and farmers manage complex variety mixtures on multiple plots.
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