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Showing items 1 through 9 of 617.
  1. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2007
    Bolivia, Indonesia

    Governments in many countries are decentralising to give more control over decision making and budgets to local administrations. One expectation of this change is that local governments will more effectively and efficiently respond to the poorest citizens in their jurisdictions. Decentralisation is especially significant to forest communities, which have historically benefited little from government services and poverty reduction programmes because of their physical isolation and social marginalisation.

  2. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2007
    Indonesia

    Poverty is a persistent problem throughout Indonesia. Seven years after decentralisation began there is little improvement in the wellbeing of rural people. Local governments have received new opportunities and responsibilities for development, but few districts have the necessary capacity and experience to effectively reduce poverty. This report provides a portrait of household poverty and wellbeing in Kutai Barat, a district that was only established in 1999.

  3. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2007
    Indonesia

    Poverty is a persistent problem throughout Indonesia. With decentralization, local governments had a new direct role in alleviating poverty and local wellbeing. At the same time they could do so in accordance with local realities and development needs. Yet, there is little improvement in the wellbeing of rural people. Local governments may lack the necessary capacity and experience to reduce poverty effectively. This report shows how a local specific monitoring system can be developed and applied.

  4. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2001

    This paper provides an economic perspective on concepts related to adaptive co-management (ACM). The discussion is cast within a formal generalised complex system (CS) framework. The authors explicitly explore the hypothesis of whether ACM can be regarded as an emergent strategy under specific conditions. The conditions draw a corollary from the well-known work of Adam Smith that describes 'self interest' as a forcing factor (the 'invisible hand) that lead to stability and efficiency in economic systems.

  5. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 1996

    Miombo woodlands are the most extensive vegetation type in Africa south of the equator. These dry tropical woodlands cover some 2.5 million hectares and are home to over 40 million people. Miombo products are very important to the livelihoods and basic needs of an additional 15 million urban Africans. The book demonstrates how much livelihood strategies of rural communities depend on miombo goods and services, and indicates the strong differentiation of uses within communities and in space and time.

  6. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2008
    Bolivia, Brazil, Guatemala, Nicaragua

    This study adopts an institutional approach to analyze the way in which informal rules, in their interaction with formal rules, shape the use of forest resources by diverse types of smallholders and communities (i.e., indigenous people, agro-extractive and traditional communities) in Latin America. Attention is given to understanding the ‘working rules’, comprising both formal and informal rules, that individuals use in making their decisions for land and forest resources access and use, which in turn affect benefits generation and distribution from such resources use.

  7. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2010

    Governments have played only a marginal role in the development of the biofuels market in most developing countries. For biofuel development to contribute to domestic energy security objectives, considerable initial financial support may be required. Biofuel production for domestic or underregulated export markets may contribute to environmental degradation, given the poor performance of feedstock cultivation in environmental impact assessments.

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