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Showing items 1 through 9 of 1117.
  1. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    September, 2016
    United Kingdom, Norway

    The analysis of land investment and tenure security usually assumes land scarcity. However, some developing countries have communities with land abundance. This article therefore examines the effects of land abundance for investment and tenure security. The paper develops a formal test of land abundance and estimates a system of three simultaneous equations. The empirical analysis uncovers significant land abundance in Northern Mozambique. In contrast to the literature, area farmed is a determinant of investment and tenure security.

  2. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    August, 2014

    This paper considers two land tenure modes. leasehold and freehold. and models housing maintenance incentives under land tenure security in Japan. Compared with freeholders, leaseholders are equally likely to remain in the premises, but spend less on home maintenance, because leaseholders are not full residual claimants, even under land tenure security. The empirical results show that maintenance expenditures of leaseholders are about 30% lower than those of freeholders in the Japanese residential land market.

  3. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    April, 2018
    Central African Republic

    We propose a theory of urban land use with endogenous property rights that applies to cities in developing countries. Households compete for where to live in the city and choose the property rights they purchase from a land administration which collects fees in inequitable ways. The model generates predictions regarding the levels and spatial patterns of residential informality in the city. Simulations show that land policies that reduce the size of the informal sector may adversely impact households in the formal sector through induced land price increases.

  4. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2016

    Since its independence in 1980, Zimbabwe has pursued a land reform and resettlement program aimed at addressing racially skewed land distribution. The most recent phase, the Fast Track Land Reform Program, was launched in 2000 with the aim of acquiring at least five million hectares of land for redistribution. This paper investigates the impact of this program on perceptions of tenure security and investments in soil conservation. Evidence suggests that the program not only created some insecurity among its beneficiaries but also had an adverse impact on investments in soil conservation.

  5. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    July, 2016
    Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, Russia, United States of America

    This study assesses the determinants of forest land allocation to households in the forest tenure reforms in China in the period 1980-2005 using data from three provinces in Southern China; Fujian, Jiang Xi and Yunnan. Furthermore, it assesses the current level of tenure security on forest land and how this tenure security is affected by past and more recent policy changes.

  6. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    July, 2016

    The authors use a large data set from Ethiopia that differentiates tenure security and transferability to explore determinants of different types of land-related investment and its possible impact on productivity. While they find some support for endogeneity of investment in trees, this is not the case for terraces. Transfer rights are unambiguously investment-enhancing. The large productivity effect of terracing implies that, even where households undertake investments to increase their tenure security, this may not be socially efficient.

  7. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    June, 2014
    Madagascar, Norway

    The Malagasy land reform, ongoing since 2005, belongs to the new generation of land reforms. It promotes the legal recognition of existing landholders’ rights (through certification) and the decentralization of land management. Despite the change of paradigm underlying this new wave of reforms, premises and expectations remain unchanged: a) rights legalization is justified by large tenure insecurity and b) rights formalization is a prerequisite to reduce conflicts over land rights, improve access to credit, boost productive investments and stimulate land markets.

  8. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    August, 2018
    Burkina Faso

    In this article, we study the impact of both secure individual and mixed allocation of plots of land on the farming household propensity to invest in land as well as to improve the productivity of the soil. For that purpose, we resort to the World Bank LSMS-ISA database established in 2014 from a representative sample at the national level of 10,800 farming households in Burkina Faso. The empirical application favors the estimation of a multivariate Probit with random effects and of a translog model with household fixed effects.

  9. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2017
    Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Puerto Rico, United States of America

    This paper examines willingness to pay for housing tenure security in favelas in six Brazilian states, Ceara, Paraiba, Pernambuco and in the north-east, Minas Gerais and Sao Paulo in the south-east, and Rio Grande do Sul in the south, using data from the national household survey (Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicilios, PNAD) for 2002.

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