This paper explores a 15-country household data base to evaluate the impact of three key assets (land, education and infrastructure) on rural poverty. Using both a descriptive analysis and a quadratic probit model, with the probability of being poor as a function of these three assets, the paper concludes that household access to education and infrastructure are positively associated with higher incomes, while the impact of land holdings varies across countries. Also, this paper shows the importance of the complementarities among assets in their poverty alleviating potential.
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Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2011Egypt, Bangladesh, Honduras, Chile, Guatemala, China, Indonesia, Bulgaria, Ghana, Malawi, Pakistan, Colombia, Panama, Nepal, Nicaragua, Vietnam, Albania, Madagascar, Tanzania, Ecuador, India, Mexico, Brazil
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2011Portugal, Australia, Mauritius, Vietnam, China
An interdisciplinary ‘nexus’ approach is necessary to ensure that food, energy and climate are jointly addressed, trade-offs considered, and appropriate safeguards are put in place. These issues will not be addressed through a single initiative. Because of its importance, scope and complexity, this challenge must be met through participation of a broad constituency of interested parties. This demands a multi partner international effort to implement energy-smart solutions in a non fragmented and cost effective way.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2011Honduras, United States of America, Chile, Peru, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Grenada, United Kingdom, Canada, Costa Rica, Niger, Colombia, Thailand, Japan, South Africa, Nicaragua, Philippines, Italy, Tanzania, India, Asia
The continuing and rapid degradation of rural watersheds has been a major concern for governments and civil society in Asia and the Pacific region. A root cause is the segmented management of land and water resources. This has been exacerbated by the cumulative and linked effects of an increase in demand for food, fuel and water due to population growth, competition for scarce land resources from biofuel production and a shift in preference for protein-rich diets. The expected adverse impact of climate change in the coming decades will most likely worsen the situation.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2011Morocco, China, Italy, Australia, Iran, India, Pakistan, Niger
Sustainable intensification requires smarter, precision technologies for irrigation and farming practices that use ecosystem approaches to conserve water.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2011Burkina Faso, Bangladesh, Nigeria, Gambia, Peru, Bolivia, China, Sierra Leone, Pakistan, Niger, Colombia, Mozambique, Jordan, Philippines, Lesotho, Malaysia, Italy, Tanzania, Ecuador, India, Uganda, Brazil
Women make significant contributions to the rural economy in all developing country regions. Their roles OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE differ across regions, yet they consistently have less access than men to the resources and opportunities they need to be more productive. Increasing women’s access to land, livestock, education, financial services, extension, technology and rural employment would boost their productivity and generate gains in terms of agricultural production, food security, economic growth and social welfare.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2011Burkina Faso, Bangladesh, Switzerland, Nepal, China, Indonesia, Peru, Ethiopia, Pakistan, Kenya, Philippines, Turkey, Italy, India, Uganda, Ghana
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2011Tanzania, Rwanda, Kenya, Uganda, Burundi, Italy, Africa
The Kagera Transboundary Agro ‐ ecosystem management project is a regional project comprising four East African countries ‐ Burundi, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda ‐ that share the Kagera river basin. The agro‐ecosystems in the Kagera basin are facing increasing pressure as a result of rapid population growth and agricultural and livestock intensification characterized by progressive reduction in farm sizes and unsustainable land use and management practices.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2011France, Turkmenistan, Belgium, Germany, Azerbaijan, Estonia, Iran, Russia, Ukraine, Moldova, Belarus, Turkey, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Italy, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Georgia, Armenia, Tajikistan, Asia
The present document is an update and presentation of the natural, economic and social resources for sustainable development and management of the fishery and aquaculture sector in Armenia. It aims to call attention to, and provide evidence of, the fact that fisheries and aquaculture have substantial development potentials in Armenia. The country is rich in inland water resources, but the potentials of the fishery and aquaculture sector are far from being exploited.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2011Qatar, Israel, Azerbaijan, Iran, Jordan, Yemen, Turkey, Oman, Italy, Syrian Arab Republic, United Arab Emirates, Iraq, Lebanon, Bahrain, Georgia, Armenia, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Asia
استقصاء النظام العالمي للمعلومات بشأن المياه والزراعة - 2008
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2011Chile, Peru, Colombia, Uruguay, Ecuador, Bolivia, Panama, Italy, Mexico, Brazil
Information on water use is required for political, economic and academic decision making on issues affecting everyone?s life. Owing to ﬁ nancial constraints, it is difﬁ cult to have complete and comprehensive information on everything related to water. Techniques and methodologies are, therefore, used to affordably maximize control. To improve understanding of the different techniques and methodologies used to generate information, the AQUASTAT team sent thematic questionnaires to approximately 170 countries in April 2009.
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