During the reporting period, the consolidation of authoritarian rule in Azerbaijan continued. Snap parliamentary elections in February 2020 did not meet international standards for free and fair competition. However, some notorious high-ranking state officials were fired, and corrupt local level administrators detained on corruption charges. These developments, in addition to the appointment of some young professionals to ministerial posts, raised hopes for a possible opening of the country to real reforms and changes.
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Library ResourceReports & ResearchMay, 2022Azerbaijan
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2023Mali
Les autorités maliennes ont mis en place des commissions foncières (CoFo) en vue de prévenir et de résoudre les conflits fonciers. Ces commissions sont confrontées à des problèmes de fonctionnement liés au manque de ressources financières. De fait, de nombreuses CoFo ne sont pas opérationnelles ; seules quelques-unes fonctionnent en mode projet grâce au soutien financier des partenaires techniques et financiers au développement.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksNovember, 2018Chad
Located in the Guéra region in central Chad, the Mongo Sub-Prefecture is the scene of recurring conflicts related to the occupation and exploitation of the land. While the phenomenon is neither new nor specific to this part of the country, the scale it has taken in recent years makes it a worrying subject. This land conflicts are driven by a multitude of actors with traditional authorities, agricultural producers and the urban elite at the center.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2010Chad
Les sécheresses des années 1970-1980 et le réchauffement climatique attirent l’attention médiatique sur les risques de disparition du lac Tchad. Alors que la plupart des avis scientifiques contestent cette vision pessimiste, nous proposons ici d’étudier la dynamique des relations entre N’Djaména, capitale sahélienne de plus d’un million
Library ResourceReports & ResearchSeptember, 2010Chad
Vaste pays (1 284 000km²), très largement désertique, au moins au nord de la frontière naturelle que constitue le Chari, le Tchad comptait une population de 10 millions d’habitants en 2006, dont le taux de croissance est de 3,3 % la même année1. Comme le relevait déjà une étude de 1996, la part urbaine de cette population est en forte expansion (taux de croissance de 4,8 %, mais avec des pics pour N’Djamena, 6 %, et Moundou, la ville du pétrole, avec 4,8 %). Cette population urbaine représenterait àpeu près 20 % de la population2.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchNovember, 2022Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
Globally, about 2 billion people claim ownership of their homes and lands through a customary tenure system. Customary tenure has long been insecure and is under growing pressure in many places. But it is also increasingly recognized through a variety of mechanisms, formal and informal. RECOFTC released a new report on the recognition of customary tenure of communities living in forested landscapes in Cambodia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Myanmar and Viet Nam. It also includes a case study from Thailand.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchMay, 2022Armenia
The crucial event in the reporting period was undoubtedly Armenia’s war with Azerbaijan. On September 27, 2020 Azerbaijan started its war on Nagorno-Karabakh, a long-disputed region called Artsakh in Armenia, which lasted for 44 days. It ended on November 10, 2020, when Russia facilitated a cease-fire, apparently just after the Azerbaijani forces had captured most of the territories occupied by Armenia in the previous war in the early 1990s, plus a major chunk of Nagorno-Karabakh proper.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2014Armenia, Azerbaijan
Socioeconomic shocks can shape future land-use trajectories. Armed conflicts are an extreme form of a socioeconomic shock, but our understanding of how armed conflicts affect land-use change is limited. Our goal was to assess land-use changes related to the 1991–1994 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan in the Caucasus region. We classified multi-temporal Landsat imagery, mapped land-use changes during and after the conflict, and applied matching statistics to isolate the effect of the conflict from other potential drivers of land change.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchApril, 2021Uganda
Improvement of Land Governance in Uganda (ILGU) is a project implemented by the German International Cooperation (GIZ), seeking to increase productivity of small-scale farmers on private Mailo land in Central Uganda, co-financed by the European Union and German Government through the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ).
Library ResourceReports & ResearchOctober, 2022Sudan, Niger, Jordan
Avoiding, reducing and reversing land degradation is essential for the food security of current and future generations, for the conservation of biodiversity and the achievement of climate targets. In the current context of increased competition over land resources, rising food insecurity, and inequalities, combating land degradation is also necessary to prevent and mitigate conflict and mass displacement, which risk to destabilise countries and entire regions.
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