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Center for Open Science
Acronym: 
COS

Location

Center for Open Science
210 Ridge McIntire Road Suite 500
2903-5083 Charlottesville , Virginia
United States
Virginia US
Working languages: 
English

Our mission is to increase openness, integrity, and reproducibility of research.

These are core values of scholarship and practicing them is presumed to increase the efficiency of acquiring knowledge.

For COS to achieve our mission, we must drive change in the culture and incentives that drive researchers’ behavior, the infrastructure that supports their research, and the business models that dominate scholarly communication.

This culture change requires simultaneous movement by funders, institutions, researchers, and service providers across national and disciplinary boundaries. Despite this, the vision is achievable because openness, integrity, and reproducibility are shared values, the technological capacity is available, and alternative sustainable business models exist.

COS's philosophy and motivation is summarized in its strategic plan and in scholarly articles outlining a vision of scientific utopia for research communication and research practices.

Because of our generous funders and outstanding partners, we are able to produce entirely free and open-source products and services. Use the header above to explore the team, services, and communities that make COS possible and productive.

Center for Open Science Resources

Displaying 41 - 50 of 448
Library Resource
Reports & Research
March, 2018
Kazakhstan

Cornell International Law Journal: Vol. 50 : No. 1 , Article 2 Kazakhstan ranks consistently low on measures of property rights protection and the rule of law more generally.1 Echoing these evaluations, existing literature emphasizes the degree to which informal institutions shape property relations in personalist, authoritarian regimes, like Kazakhstan. The expectation is that formal institutions like law and courts fail to restrain or otherwise influence state agents’ rent-seeking behavior. In effect, they serve primarily as ornamentation.

Library Resource
Reports & Research
February, 2018
Norway

In 2008, a presidential regulation number 54 (Peraturan Presiden Nomor 54 Tahun 2008 - Perpres 54/2008) that regulates uses of land for various degrees of utilization and conservation across Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, Bekasi, Puncak and Cianjur (Jabodetabekpuncur) was issued. Perpres 54/2008 is a reference for the implementation of development related to water and soil conservation, the availability of ground water and surface water, flood prevention, and economic development for the welfare of the community.

Library Resource
Reports & Research
January, 2018
Thailand

This paper uses data collected in Thailand among permanent rural-urban migrants to analyse the motivations in land temporary transfers such as free loans or rentals. Land transfers are here looked at in a continuum and categorized according to three characteristics: the nature of the relationship between the parties of the exchange, the monetary nature of the payment as well as its explicit or imlicit nature. This methodology allows a richer typology than traditionnally used in empiric literature, and distinguishes between various loans that are not always free.

Library Resource
Reports & Research
January, 2018
Thailand

This paper contributes to an emerging literature on free land arrangements in developing countries. We argue that in-depth empirical analysis is crucial to understand the specific terms of land arrangements. Using mixed quantitative and qualitative data collected among rural-urban migrants in Thailand, we categorize land arrangements along four dimensions: self-reported categories by the actors, the nature of the relationship between the parties involved, the nature of the payment made, and how explicit or binding are the contractual terms.

Library Resource
Reports & Research
January, 2018
Ethiopia

In rural areas agricultural plots are seldom delineated and can be encroached upon by neighbours. Under these circumstances labour supply can be inefficiently distorted to safeguard the plots from encroachment. Using panel data, we study the variation of household labour supply following a land registration programme which has demarcated agricultural landholdings with cornerstones and has issued a documentary evidence of the household land rights.

Library Resource
Reports & Research
January, 2018
Global

Tree planting on public lands is often hampered due to low or no security of tree tenure rights. Uncertainly over who will take advantage of tree crop will make a reluctance in the planting of trees. This study aimed to observe the tree tenure security in the traditional agroforestry systems in West Sumatra. The results showed different tree tenure security across the study area, where the collateral is determined by the degree of clarity of the rule of local institutions. This has an impact on the selection of tree species and patterns of agroforestry.

Library Resource
Reports & Research
January, 2018
United States of America

Agroforestry as a people base forest management commonly not well developed and almost in a traditional management. The most problem in West Sumatera concern to land tenure status as communal property (ulayat land). The need of clearly land tenure mechanism will support this system for sustainable land use. The less security of land tenure do not affect to agroforestry performance, but the management of land use is more important to that effect

Library Resource
Reports & Research
January, 2018
Global

Planting trees on public lands are often considered unsustainable due to the rights of individuals arc weak. Therefore it is important to know the individuals tree rights to promote tree planting. The study aims to conceptualize tree tenure system to encourage better management of agroforestry at the farm level. The result showed variation on tree tenure rights can be separated from land tenure rights, but attached to a custom or habit which is a local setting (customary).

Library Resource
Reports & Research
January, 2018
Norway

The study aims is to develop the land and free tenure concept on public land of Sigalangan village, South Tapanuli with custom base Dalihan no tolu. This study may provide the basis for constructing a system of incentives within planting frees by the community. The method Used is to determine the land and free tenure rights refers to the Rapid appraisal of Social forestry for land and free tenure. This method is used to determine the pattern of land and free tenure prevailing in Society. Land and tree tenure Security observed by the people's rights in the land and free.

Library Resource
Reports & Research
January, 2018
United States of America

Agroforestry as a people base forest management commonly not well developed and almost in a traditional management. The most problem in West Sumatera concern to land tenure status as communal property (ulayat land). The need of clearly land tenure mechanism will support this system for sustainable land use. The less security of land tenure do not affect to agroforestry performance, but the management of land use is more important to that effect

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