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State-Customary Interactions and Agrarian Change in Ghana. The Case of Nkoranza Traditional Area

Peer-reviewed publication
Outubro, 2020
Ghana

While agrarian change has been a recurrent theme in Ghana’s endeavor for economic development, questions on how land resources should be managed to ensure prompt attainment of economic growth remain unanswered. In Ghana, land is controlled by customary actors, while the state is the custodian of agricultural policies. The need for interaction between the two actors to ensure that the envisioned economic gains from agriculture are attained is paramount.

Governing Landscapes for Ecosystem Services: A Participatory Land- Use Scenario Development in the Northwest Montane Region of Vietnam

Peer-reviewed publication
Setembro, 2020
Vietnam

Land-use planning is an important policy instrument for governing landscapes to achieve multifunctionality in rural areas. This paper presents a case study conducted in Na Nhan commune in the northwest montane region of Vietnam to assess land-use strategies toward multiple ecosystem services, through integrated land-use planning.

Customary Tenure Trusteeships and Land Governance Reforms: A Necessary Convergence

Peer-reviewed publication
Agosto, 2020
África

Issues surrounding customary land governance reforms remain at the forefront of policy reforms in many African countries because of concern over discriminatory rules of access, exchange, and inheritance, corruption, elite capture, and illegal land occupations, (Arko Adjei, 2009). The shortcomings in customary land governance extend to the unfettered authority of customary land trustees, usually, traditional leaders (chiefs and family heads) who retain autonomous control over land as defined by customary norms and practices.

Rural Women Must Be at the Heart of COVID-19 Response and Recovery

Agosto, 2020

A nine-minute video. Most rural people in Uganda have rights to their rural land through customary tenure arrangements;representing 75-80% of land holdings: but only 15-20% of the land is formally registered. Often women;especially widows;experience land grabbing;arbitrary eviction and poor access to justice. GLTN and others are working to help vulnerable smallholder farmers in South Western and Elgon regions through the implementation of a ‘Securing Land Tenure for Improved Food Security in select areas in Ugandaproject. The video illustrates some of this work.

Smallholder Agricultural Investment and Productivity under Contract Farming and Customary Tenure System: A Malawian Perspective

Peer-reviewed publication
Agosto, 2020
Sub-Saharan Africa

Land tenure security, especially customary residence systems, is found to influence the agricultural investment decision-making and productivity of smallholder farmers across sub-Saharan Africa. However, as country-specific customary residence systems and farming models evolve over time, their impact on food security and livelihood remains unclear. This study investigates the impact of customary residence systems on both agricultural investment (in tea shrubs and agroforestry) and productivity among contracted smallholder tea outgrowers in Southern Malawi.

Land Portal Annual Report 2019

Reports & Research
Junho, 2020
Global

The interrelationship between secure land rights and economic development has gained increasing recognition, as a driver of economic development around the world. For indigenous peoples and communities, women and other vulnerable groups, secure land rights are fundamental for reducing poverty and boosting their shared prosperity. However, two-thirds of the world’s population still does not have access to secure tenure.

Sources of Land Information in South Africa and their Institutional Context

Reports & Research
Maio, 2020
South Africa

Land Portal and the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) have collaborated on this project designed “…to uncover, democratize and improve the land data and information ecosystem in South Africa” (Land Portal Foundation, 2019). This is one of a number of State of Land Information (SoLI) projects in an international process covering a number of countries. The first part of the project involved in-country teams scoping the information landscape (resulting in this report).

A terra em Timor-Leste: expondo a injustiça cognitiva nos conflitos fundiários

Journal Articles & Books
Maio, 2020
Ásia
Timor-Leste

Assente na análise de vários conflitos pelo acesso à terra em Timor-Leste, este artigo busca compreender a íntima relação existente entre o moderno direito de propriedade e as estratégias coloniais-capitalistas de apropriação de recursos, uma relação geradora de injustiças.

Securing Land Transactions with Biometric data in Ghana

Peer-reviewed publication
Abril, 2020
Gana

There is a gap between land tenure and the physical land giving room for impersonation, multiple allocation and sale of plots, loss of possession, land racketeering and fraud through forgery. Hence, the need to identify unambiguously parties involved in land transactions so that the root of title can be traced to ensure tenure security. This paper explores innovative ways of filling the gap with biometric data to secure land transactions.

We're Leaving Everything Behind

Março, 2020

Guinea’s 450 megawatt Souapiti dam, scheduled to begin operating in September 2020, is the most advanced of several new hydropower projects planned by the government of President Alpha Condé. Guinea’s government believes that hydropower can significantlyincrease access to electricity in a country where only a fraction of people have reliable access to power.

«Nous devons tout abandonner » Impact du barrage de Souapiti sur les communautés déplacées en Guinée

Reports & Research
Março, 2020
Guinea

Le barrage de Souapiti, qui devrait à terme fournir 450 mégawatts après sa mise en service en septembre 2020, est le projet d’énergie hydraulique le plus avancé parmi plusieurs nouveaux projets planifiés par le gouvernement du président guinéen Alpha Condé. Le gouvernement guinéen estime que l’énergie hydraulique peut accroître considérablement l’accès à l’électricité, dans ce pays où seule une fraction de la population peut y accéder de façon fiable.

Options for Securing Tenure and Documenting Land Rightsin Mozambique: A Land Policy & Practice Paper

Policy Papers & Briefs
Março, 2020
Eastern Africa
Mozambique

One of the key aspects of the Mozambican legal framework for land is that Mozambican nationals can acquire tenure rights through inheritance, via peaceful occupation or through customary channels These usufruct tenure rights, known by the Portuguese acronym ‘DUAT’ (Direito de Uso e Aproveitamento da Terra), can be held individually or jointly.