Madagáscar | Land Portal
Rice paddies, photo by Rhett A Butler Mongabay CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

Madagáscar é a quarta maior ilha do mundo (587.295 km2) localizada no Oceano Índico, a cerca de 400 km da costa de Moçambique. A República de Madagáscar compreende a ilha principal e várias pequenas ilhas e está dividida em seis províncias e 22 regiões administrativas. Em 2019 tinha uma população de cerca de 25,68 milhões de pessoas com uma baixa densidade populacional de 42,8 habitantes por km2. Cerca de 80,5% da população vive nas áreas rurais, enquanto 19,5% (5 milhões de pessoas) vivem nas cidades, dos quais 2,58 milhões vivem nos grandes centros urbanos e 2,42 milhões nos centros urbanos secundários .

Últimas notícias

Foto: Marcel Crozet/ILO/Flickr
29 Fevereiro 2024
Madagáscar

País assolado por secas, ciclones e tempestades de areia é palco de projetos de diversas agências das Nações Unidas que buscam soluções para os choques climáticos; novas formas de cultivo, tecnologias baseadas em energia solar e iniciativas baseadas na natureza ajudam a superar falta de água e solo árido. 

State of Land Information in Madagascar
20 Setembro 2023
Madagáscar

A Fundação Land Portal e a Open Data Charter lançaram o relatório Estado da Informação Fundiária em Madagascar: Uma estrutura de ação de dados abertos para Madagascar, esclarecendo o estado do ecossistema de dados de terras no país. O relatório serve como uma ferramenta de diagnóstico e guia abrangente, com o objetivo de catalisar mudanças e promover conversas sobre transparência de dados e governança de terras em Madagascar.

Banco Africano de Desenvolvimento
18 Setembro 2022
África
Madagáscar

Lançado em 2016, o projeto Jovens Empresas Rurais no Centro-Oeste de Madagáscar tem ajudado a melhorar os rendimentos agrícolas.  Os rendimentos de arroz e milho duplicaram, segundo um relatório de progresso do projeto divulgado pelo Banco Africano de Desenvolvimento a 30 de agosto de 2022.

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Equal Rights Trust

Our vision is an equal world: a world in which everyone – irrespective of their identity, status or beliefs – can participate in every area of life on an equal basis with others. We work towards this vision by addressing one of the root causes of inequality: discrimination. We focus our efforts on eliminating discrimination, its consequences and its legacies. We do this through the law.

En 2005, le gouvernement de Madagascar s’est engagé dans une vaste réforme visant à répondre à la demande de sécurisation foncière massive, dans des brefs délais et à des coûts ajustés, ainsi qu’à instaurer des services de qualité qui répondraient aux attentes des usagers.

Natural Justice: Lawyers for Communities and the Environment is a non-profit organization, registered in South Africa since 2007.


Our vision is the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity through the self-determination of Indigenous peoples and local communities.


Agrisud International logo

Entreprendre contre la pauvreté


 


Nous tous, chez Agrisud, n’acceptons pas l’idée qu’aujourd’hui 1,4 milliards de personnes puissent vivre en situation de pauvreté, avec le plus souvent de grandes difficultés pour se nourrir quotidiennement.


Au Sud comme au Nord, nous savons que cette situation est due très souvent à l’exclusion économique, pour des raisons multiples, qui elle-même entraîne progressivement l’exclusion sociale.


QUI SOMMES-NOUS ?

Sehatra Iombonana hoan’ny Fananantany ou Solidarité des Intervenants sur le Foncier, connu sous l’acronyme SIF, est une plateforme de la société civile œuvrant dans le foncier. Elle regroupe une trentaine d’organisations majoritairement paysannes : associations et projets travaillant dans le domaine du foncier, fédérations d’organisations paysannes et organisations non gouvernementales. La SIF travaille sur l’ensemble du territoire national, sans distinction de région.

Southern African Development Community logo

The Southern African Development Community (SADC) was established as a development coordinating conference (SADCC) in 1980 and transformed into a development community in 1992. It is an inter-governmental organisation whose goal is to promote sustainable and equitable economic growth and socio-economic development through efficient productive systems, deeper co-operation and integration, good governance and durable peace and security among fifteen Southern African Member States.


Resource Equity

Resource Equity is a women-run and women-centered nonprofit organization that focuses exclusively on legal issues specific to gender equity in land and natural resources around the world.


Madagascar was one of the last major landmasses on earth to be colonized by humans. The earliest settlers from present-day Indonesia arrived between A.D. 350 and 550. The island attracted Arab and Persian traders as early as the 7th century, and migrants from Africa arrived around A.D. 1000. Madagascar was a pirate stronghold during the late 17th and early 18th centuries, and served as a slave trading center into the 19th century. From the 16th to the late 19th century, a native Merina Kingdom dominated much of Madagascar.

The Land Observatory is a pilot project by some partners of the Land Matrix, designed to provide greater context and deeper insight on land deals, from a more local perspective.

We are co-creating software with partner organizations in pilot countries that will allow for them to


  • generate greater spatial context for land deals
  • make possible deeper investigation of the actors involved

The Southern African Legal Information Institute (SAFLII) is an online repository of legal information from South Africa that aims to promote the rule of law and judicial accountability by publishing legal material for open access in line with the objectives of the global Free Access to Law Movement.

Droit-Afrique est un site consacré au droit des affaires et à la fiscalité des pays de l’Afrique francophone. Il a pour objectif de mettre à la disposition des entreprises et des professionnels du droit une information juridique globale, pertinente et à jour sélectionnée par des juristes spécialisés. Droit-Afrique propose pour chaque pays :

L’opinion publique malgache, informée par la presse nationale et internationale, est particulièrement en alerte. Plusieurs grands projets en cours à Madagascar démontrent la réalité de contrats conjuguant une exploitation drastique des richesses du pays par des investisseurs étrangers à l’insignifiance des bénéfices en retour pour la Nation et les populations malgaches.

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