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Journal Articles & Books
June 2017
Mozambique

[C]onservation is not a priority….. they [Frelimo] want economic growth at any point. So if they find …… coal and gas and other minerals it doesn’t matter where they are found, their priority is to develop those industries and I think they will worry about ecosystems ……. as an afterthought. Right now their main focus is growth, economic growth.

How Do Differences in Land Ownership Types in China Affect Land Development? A Case from Beijing
Peer-reviewed publication
January 2017
China

China has a unique land use system in which there are two types of land ownership, namely, state-owned urban land and farmer collective-owned rural land.

Journal Articles & Books
November 2019
Oceania

The Panguna mine on the Pacific island of Bougainville is one of the largest copper and gold deposits in the world. 

The mine was also at the center of a decade-long civil war fought between the Bougainville Revolutionary Army and the Papua New Guinea Defense Force in the 1990s. The conflict cost as many as 15,000 lives and displaced 40,000 of the island’s 200,000 inhabitants.

Policy Papers & Briefs
December 2016
Timor-Leste

Continued stability and future development in Timor-Leste are dependent on establishing the necessary legal and administrative mechanisms for providing access to land, land tenure security, as well as preventing and addressing land-related conflict.

Dispute Resolution in China: Patterns, Causes, and Prognosis
Reports & Research
December 2009
China

Since the reform era began in 1978, there have been significant changes in the nature and incidence of disputes, conflicts, and social disturbances, as well as the mechanisms for addressing them.

China National Human Development Report Special Edition
Reports & Research
December 2019
China

2019 marks the 70th anniversary of People’s Republic of China, and 40th year anniversary of the United Nations and UNDP presence and partnership in China. The Special Edition report reflects on the remarkable changes that have taken place.

Land Use Rights in China
Peer-reviewed publication
July 2004
China

China is a socialist country and all land in China belongs to Chinese citizens as a whole. Article 10 of the 1982 Constitution upholds the Chinese land policy that reflects the traditional view of socialism - land of the country must be owned by the country (State) or its agricultural Collectives.

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