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Map of Indonesia


Indonesia contains 17,508 islands, of which around 6,000 are populated. The total land area is just over 1.9 million km2. Its geographical location off mainland Southeast Asia places the country as particularly susceptible to natural disasters, including climate change. Indonesia is the fourth most populated country in the world with over 270 million inhabitants. Over 140 million people live on Java, making it the most populous island in the world. It is also the world’s largest Muslim country, making up 87% of the population.
Socio-economic indicators browse all
Land Area
189,255,547 ha
11,858.2 USD

More on this country

News Browse all
Mangrove planting on the coast of Ambon Island, Indonesia

Indonesia’s mangrove restoration will run out of land well short of target, study warns

9 March 2023

Indonesia's  mangrove restoration plan faces a major hurdle, with less than a third of the target area is actually viable for restoration.

Minister witnesses the installation of land boundary markers in a paddy field in Central Java

Minister pledges to "beat up" land mafia in Indonesia

3 February 2023

Minister pledges to "beat up" land mafia in Indonesia

A coal mine in Tenggarong, East Kalimantan

Coal extraction in Indonesia is driving deforestation

16 January 2023

  Experts call for stronger land use planning as extent of Indonesian forest lost  to coal mining is revealed



Customary tenure regimes are highly diverse across Indonesia, and include individualised and communal parcels, different means of transfer, and variation in local inheritance practices.

Blogs Browse all
The role of large-scale land acquisition in carbon offset projects

Business as usual? The role of large-scale land acquisition in carbon offset projects and deforestation-free supply chains

11 July 2023

In the wake of global climate action, large-scale land acquisitions (LSLAs) for renewable energy and carbon offset projects will increase the pressure on land. In addition, deforestation-free value chains that are also intended to reduce carbon emissions will require changes in the conduct of LSLAs…

Events Browse all

World Bank Climate Report Launch Webinar: Strengthening Land Tenure of Indigenous People and Local Communities in FCPF Countries

-This Event has ended -   Tuesday, November 23rd, 2021 8:30 AM – 10:00 AM (Eastern Time) Online via Zoom This session will be interpreted in French and Spanish. Description: Strengthening Indigenous Land Tenure: A Critical Pillar of Climate Action   A prominent outcome of this year’s UN Climate…