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Map of Indonesia


Indonesia contains 17,508 islands, of which around 6,000 are populated. The total land area is just over 1.9 million km2. Its geographical location off mainland Southeast Asia places the country as particularly susceptible to natural disasters, including climate change. Indonesia is the fourth most populated country in the world with over 270 million inhabitants. Over 140 million people live on Java, making it the most populous island in the world. It is also the world’s largest Muslim country, making up 87% of the population.
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‘Forests will disappear again,’ activists warn as Indonesia ends plantation freeze

6 December 2021

With the Indonesian government refusing to renew a three-year ban on issuing licenses for new oil palm plantations, experts are warning of a deforestation free-for-all. The end of the moratorium means companies can once again apply to develop new plantations, including clearing forests to do. This…

deforestation turns the heat deadly

In a warming world, deforestation turns the heat deadly, Borneo study finds

25 November 2021

New research identifies how rising localized temperatures driven by deforestation and global warming are increasing heat-related deaths and creating unsafe working conditions in Indonesia. In the Bornean district of Berau, 4,375 square kilometers (1,689 square miles) of forest were cleared between…

Indonesia’s defence minister sued over land grab

Indonesia’s defence minister sued over land grab

26 July 2021

Main photo: Indonesia’s Defence Minister Prabowo Subianto, left, with President Joko Widodo in October 2019.  AP Singapore/Jakarta | Hundreds of high-ranking retired military officers have taken Indonesia’s Minister for Defence Prabowo Subianto to court in an effort to resolve a long-simmering…



Customary tenure regimes are highly diverse across Indonesia, and include individualised and communal parcels, different means of transfer, and variation in local inheritance practices.

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Indonesia rice plantation

Homecoming without the prom: How Indonesia’s Indigenous youth are returning to bolster their communities

2 September 2021

It’s not unusual for children to leave home when they become adults: it is rarer, though, that they come back to invigorate the communities they grew up in with new ideas and services. That, however, is exactly what is happening in indigenous territories throughout Indonesia. It is called …

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World Bank Climate Report Launch Webinar: Strengthening Land Tenure of Indigenous People and Local Communities in FCPF Countries

Click here to register for webinar   Tuesday, November 23rd, 2021 8:30 AM – 10:00 AM (Eastern Time) Online via Zoom This session will be interpreted in French and Spanish. Description: Strengthening Indigenous Land Tenure: A Critical Pillar of Climate Action   A prominent outcome of this year’s…