Skip to main content
Map of Nicaragua


Nicaragua’s tumultuous political history reflects the dramatic impacts that differing perspectives on property rights and resource governance can have on the structure and performance of societies and economies. The Somoza regimes that governed Nicaragua from 1936 to 1979 emphasized the primacy of private property rights and the pursuit of an export market-oriented, large-scale commercial agriculture. These policies resulted in an economy in which rural land ownership was concentrated in the hands of relatively few Nicaraguans who operated farms producing coffee, cotton, sugar, tobacco, and beef for export, largely to the United States.

Socio-economic indicators browse all
Land-related indicators browse all

More on this country

News Browse all

Land Invasion In Nicaragua: Specialists Assure There Are Indigenous Communities In "Risk of Extinction"

15 August 2019

According to reports from the organization Center for Justice and International Law (CEJIL), the indigenous communities of the Miskitu ethnic group, from Nicaragua, could be on the verge of extinction because they are in a serious situation of abandonment and vulnerability because of the constant…

Defending Our Land: Three Nicaraguan Women’s Struggle for Their Community

2 July 2019

Dolene Miller, Elba Rivera and Francisca Ramirez have spent years defending the territories of the indigenous peoples, farmers and Afro-Nicaraguans. Here are their stories. HAVANA TIMES – Defending their lands and the environment has cost the lives of many women around the world, especially in…

Nicaragua's stolen land

17 May 2019

Indigenous communities in Nicaragua are facing violence and displacement, but agroecology is helping empower the Miskito people. What do you do when your access to rivers, sacred sites, and forests, is cut off, especially when your whole identity has grown from a spiritual connection to nature?…



Blogs Browse all

Nicaragua: The Autonomous Regions facing Covid 19

14 September 2020

I am Dolene Miller, an Afro-descendant from the Caribbean (Atlantic) Coast of Nicaragua and for me it is important and very necessary to support any initiative to protect my community from COVID19. As ethnic minorities, we are facing a health crisis in precarious conditions because the national…