Cette étude examine l’état de la reconnaissance juridique des droits des peuples autochtones, des communautés locales et des peuples afro-descendants sur le carbone présent sur leurs terres et territoires dans 31 pays d’Afrique, d’Asie et d’Amérique latine.
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Library ResourceReports & ResearchAugust, 2021Africa, Americas, India
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2021Rwanda, Brazil, Indonesia, India, Georgia
Digital technologies cut off access to land
Despite promises to fix unjust land governance, a new study shows that digital technologies can further land grabbing and inequality.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsJune, 2021Kenya, Angola, Chad, Liberia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Guatemala, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Pakistan, Global
June 4, 2021 -- An increasing number of countries are facing growing levels of acute food insecurity, reversing years of development gains. Even before COVID-19 reduced incomes and disrupted supply chains, chronic and acute hunger were on the rise due to various factors including conflict, socio-economic conditions, natural hazards, climate change and pests. COVID-19 impacts have led to severe and widespread increases in global food insecurity, affecting vulnerable households in almost every country, with impacts expected to continue through 2021 and into 2022.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationMarch, 2021India
India’s urbanisation results in the physical and societal transformation of the areas surrounding cities. These periurban interfaces are spaces of flows, shaped by an exchange of matter, people and ideas between urban and rural spaces—and currently they are zones in transition. Periurbanisation processes result inter alia in changing water demands and changing relations between water and society. In this paper the concept of the hydrosocial cycle is applied to interpret the transformation of the waterscapes of six periurban villages in the fringe areas of Pune, Hyderabad and Kolkata.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationMarch, 2021Canada, Czech Republic, India, British Indian Ocean Territory, United States of America
Rapid urbanization has led vertical infrastructural growth in different countries with differing economic development levels and social systems. The two cities, Prague and Delhi, are the capital cities of their respective countries and have significant vertical developments. However, the two cities represent the urban areas from countries having different economic development levels. The land agencies need to keep monitoring and managing the developments in a city. The paper proposes a conceptual 3D spatial database enabled IT framework for land agencies.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchMay, 2015Australia, Belgium, Canada, India, British Indian Ocean Territory, United States of America
The paper highlights that land degradation in India has been approaching a crisis level in spite of repeated emphasis on wasteland development and existence of apex level organisations for that purpose. One reason has been the policy emphasis on ownership and control rather than appropriate management of the land. It is set in the context of i) the 1988 Forest Policy, and ii) the recent amends to the Forest Conservation Act.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchMay, 2013India, British Indian Ocean Territory, Norway
Urban Development - Urban Governance and Management Rural Development - Common Property Resource Development Communities and Human Settlements - Land Use and Policies Rural Development - Rural Land Policies for Poverty Reduction Public Sector Management and Reform Public Sector Development
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJune, 2015India, British Indian Ocean Territory
This paper analyze the colonial institutions set up by the British to collect land revenue in India, and show that differences in historical property rights institutions lead to sustained differences in economic outcomes. Areas in which proprietary rights in land were historically given to landlords have significantly lower agricultural investments, agricultural productivity and investments in public goods in the post-Independence period than areas in which these rights were given to the cultivators.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchMay, 2013India, British Indian Ocean Territory
Rural Development - Rural Land Policies for Poverty Reduction Urban Development - Urban Housing Public Sector Management and Reform Communities and Human Settlements - Land Use and Policies Rural Development - Common Property Resource Development Public Sector Development
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 1999India, British Indian Ocean Territory
The effects of land sales restrictions on credit use, land investment and cultivation decisions are investigated using data from two villages in south India. Sales restrictions are found to have little effect on credit supply and demand or demand for land improvements. Some household characteristics are found to affect investment demand on plots subject to sales restrictions in one village, suggesting that the 'transactions effect' of such restrictions may be inhibiting allocative efficiency.
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