Today, more than 476 million Indigenous Peoples, living in more than 90 countries across the world in seven socio-cultural regions, have developed unique territorial management practices that manage to generate food whilst preserving biodiversity. In a world where food security is becoming increasingly unstable , the way Indigenous Peoples grow and consume food holds answers to the wo
Local and indigenous knowledge refers to the understandings, skills and philosophies developed by societies with long histories of interaction with their natural surroundings. For rural and Indigenous Peoples, local knowledge informs decision-making about fundamental aspects of day-to-day life.
The webinar Financial Costs of Mitigating Tenure Risks, organized by the Land Portal Foundation, the Overseas Development Institute (ODI), TMP Systems and the UK’s Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office, will take place on Wednesday, September 22nd, 2021, from 14:30-16:00 CEST (13:30-15:00 BST).
Located in northwest Africa, more than three quarters of Mauritania are desert or semi-desert. Only 0.5% of the country’s land is considered useful for agriculture which equals 502,000 ha. Nonetheless, the rural sector is an important pillar of the Mauritanian economy contributing 17% to the GDP and employing 21% of the working population. 62% of the population depend on agriculture, livestock, and fishing for their livelihoods. The country gained independence from France in 1960. Its colonial past is reflected in its legislation that draws on the French Code.
Bhutan is a small landlocked country sandwiched between the two economic powerhouses of India and China. It covers 38,394km2, which is slightly smaller than Switzerland. In 2020, the population stood at 771,612, and even though this figure has tripled since 1960, it is still less than 10% the population of present-day Switzerland. Geographically, the country comprises foothills and high mountainous terrain in the eastern Himalayas. Administratively, it is split into twenty dzongkhag (districts).
UN member States endorsed the 2030 Agenda and committed to implement the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) a set of 17 Global Goals, in a 15-year period. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development contains land-related targets and indicators under SDGs 1, 2, 5, 11 and 15. Many land organizations and stakeholders are committed to fully implementing the SDGs and to monitoring the land-related indicators in order to promote responsible land governance. Land is a significant resource, both cross-cutting and critical to achieving the SDGs.
With secure land tenure, Indigenous Peoples and local communities can realize human rights, achieve economic growth, protect the environment, and maintain cultural integrity. For centuries, Indigenous Peoples and local communities (IPLCs) have used, managed and depended on collectively-held land for food supplies, cultural and spiritual traditions, and other livelihood needs. Historically governed through customary tenure systems rooted in community norms and practices that often go back centuries, governments often consider such community land as vacant, idle, or state-owned property. Statutory recognition and protection of indigenous and community land rights continues to be a major challenge.