Empowering women to occupy leadership roles and to take an active part in decision making processes in land governance has demonstrated that strides can be made towards gender justice.
Quick overview on the state of gender and land data and review of the concept of gender transformative change.
An important precondition for good land governance is to have good land data that can be used to make informed decisions, formulate policies, and develop plans and strategies for the public good.
With its 1,267,000 km², Niger is the largest country in West Africa. However, since two-thirds of its territory is located in the Sahara desert, agriculture is only possible in a strip corresponding to the southern third of the country. Desertification is a major issue in Niger, which increases the pressure on land. The degradation of natural resources weakens the pastoral system and hinders the practice of agriculture. Faced with these challenges, the State and citizens of Niger are trying to regreen the country through reforestation and assisted natural regeneration. The country also started in 2013 to review its land regulations.
Land has played a critical role in Tanzania’s historic trajectory. Current land tenure frameworks, resource governance, and related conflicts are closely intertwined with current neoliberal policies and land accumulation by foreign companies and domestic elites as well as dynamics of the (pre-)colonial period.
One third of the world’s soils - including farmland, forests, rangelands, and urban land - are already degraded and it is estimated that this number could rise to almost 90% by 2050. Land Degradation occurs naturally, but research shows that land degradation is increasingly caused directly or indirectly by unsustainable human activities, notably deforestation, overgrazing, mining or intensive agriculture. This has driven biodiversity loss, desertification, and led to a significant increase in greenhouse gas emissions.
The SDG Land Tracker provides easy access to official data and information on all land-specific SDG indicators. It concisely explains the indicators, why they are important, and tracks progress.