Land reform, which became widespread all over the world for a while after World War II, lost steam rapidly after the 1970s. Then, when the 21st century began, land reform-forgotten for a generation-has received attention again. Above all, this is because it has been a widely recognized perception that land reform should be required in order to solve poverty. This report examines how land reform has had an effect on the general economy and society of a country, based on Korea’s experience in land reform. It is highly expected that Korea’s experience will provide developing countries and international organizations, which have renewed interest in land reform, with a lot of implications. Although Korea’s land reform was historically the most successful case, it is unfortunate that continued research has not been conducted both at home and abroad. Taking the opportunity of the Knowledge Sharing Program (KSP) module project, this report has been prepared for sharing implications of Korea’s land reform with developing countries through more systematic evaluations of land reform
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The Korea Development Institute is an autonomous policy-oriented research organization founded in 1971. KDI was established by the Korean government as an economic think tank to provide a rigorous academic perspective on the various economic policy issues that had arisen during Korea’s rapid growth and development in the 1960s. Since then, the scope of KDI’s activities has grown, and it is now called upon to provide expert analysis and advice on all aspects of long- and short-term government policies in areas ranging from domestic economic policy to international trade and investment.
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