Local Government Code of 1991 (Republic Act No. 7160). | Land Portal

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This Code establishes the system and defines powers of provincial, city, municipal and barangay governments in the Philippines. It provides for a more responsive local government structure instituted through a system of decentralization whereby Local Government Units are delegated more powers, authority, responsibilities and resources.It also empowers local governments to enact local tax measures, including real property taxes and it assures the local governments a share in the national internal revenue.The Code defines the powers of Local Government Units and specifies programmes that are transferred to them, including: agricultural extension and on-site research; infrastructure projects; field health and hospital services; social welfare services; community-based forestry programmes and other investment support services.The Code further provides for: powers of a city or municipality to authorize the reclassification of lands; duties of national government agencies to maintain an ecological balance; relations with people’s and non-governmental organizations; settlement of boundary disputes; property and supply management in the local government units; penalties; etc.

Amended by: Local Government Amendment Code, 1996 (Republic Act No. 8185). (1996-06-11)
Amended by: Local Government Amendment Code, 1998 (Republic Act No. 8553). (1998-02-25)
Amended by: Local Government Amendment Code, 2008. (2008-07-28)
Amended by: Local Government Amendment Code, 1998 (Republic Act No. 8524). (1998-02-14)
Amends: Presidential Decree on Fisheries 1975 (No. 704 of 1975). (1976-05-16)
Amends: Presidential Decree no. 463 of 1974 on Mineral Resources Development. (1974-05-17)

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The Philippine Islands became a Spanish colony during the 16th century; they were ceded to the US in 1898 following the Spanish-American War. In 1935 the Philippines became a self-governing commonwealth. Manuel QUEZON was elected president and was tasked with preparing the country for independence after a 10-year transition. In 1942 the islands fell under Japanese occupation during World War II, and US forces and Filipinos fought together during 1944-45 to regain control. On 4 July 1946 the Republic of the Philippines attained its independence.

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