The purpose of this Act, consisting of 90 sections, divided into two Parts and completed by three Schedules, is: to record in English and te reo Māori the acknowledgements and apology given by the Crown to Ngatikahu ki Whangaroa in the deed of settlement; and to give effect to certain provisions of the deed of settlement that settles the historical claims of Ngatikahu ki Whangaroa. Part 1 sets out a summary of the historical account, and records the text of the acknowledgements and apology given by the Crown to Ngatikahu ki Whangaroa, as recorded in the deed of settlement; defines terms used in this Act, including key terms such as Ngatikahu ki Whangaroa and historical claims; provides that the settlement of the historical claims is final; and provides for: the effect of the settlement of the historical claims on the jurisdiction of a court, tribunal, or other judicial body in respect of the historical claims; a consequential amendment to the Treaty of Waitangi Act 1975, etc.Part 2 provides for cultural redress, including those not involving the vesting of land (namely protocols for conservation and taonga tūturu on the terms set out in the documents schedule) a statutory acknowledgement by the Crown of the statements made by Ngatikahu ki Whangaroa of their cultural, historical, spiritual, and traditional association with certain statutory areas and the effect of that acknowledgement, together with the deed of recognition for the specified area; an overlay classification applying to a certain area of land; and the provision of official geographic names, etc. Schedules deal with: Statutory areas (Schedule 1); Overlay area (Schedule 2); Cultural redress properties (Schedule 3).
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The Polynesian Maori reached New Zealand in about A.D. 800. In 1840, their chieftains entered into a compact with Britain, the Treaty of Waitangi, in which they ceded sovereignty to Queen Victoria while retaining territorial rights. That same year, the British began the first organized colonial settlement. A series of land wars between 1843 and 1872 ended with the defeat of the native peoples. The British colony of New Zealand became an independent dominion in 1907 and supported the UK militarily in both world wars.