The President, with a view of developing agro-industrial sector and improving mechanism for the provision of state support to the entities operating in the agro-industrial sector, decrees as follows: (a) state agrarian policy shall be aimed at providing incentives for raising efficiency in the agro-industrial sector based upon specialization of agricultural production, rational land tenure and state support of agro-industrial complex; and (b) the main objectives of the state agrarian policy shall be: raising competitiveness of agricultural commodities; formation of the efficient market of agricultural commodities; creation of favorable investment environment; ensuring the right to food for citizens; sustainable development of rural areas; conservation and reproduction of natural resources used for agricultural production. ). The document states several declarative objectives: (a) improving the competitiveness of agricultural products, raw materials and food in order to balance the domestic food market and enhance agrofood exports; (b) forming of an effective market for agricultural products, raw materials and food with developed infrastructure, which implies gradual transition to free pricing, increase in the efficiency of agricultural production; (c) creation of a favourable investment climate and attraction of investments into the agriculture sector; (d) assistance to structural changes in the agricultural sector, including changes in property and production relations that would guarantee development of agricultural companies of any ownership form; (e) maintaining the parity of price index for industrial products, work (services) used by agricultural producers as input factors and the price index of agricultural products; (f) ensuring citizens' rights to adequate food, including provision of domestic food aid to socially vulnerable groups of the population; (g) sustainable rural development, rural employment, improvement of quality of life of rural population, including increase of the remuneration of workers employed in agriculture; and (h) preservation and reproduction of natural resources used in the production of agricultural products, raw materials and food. According to the Belarusian legislation, agricultural policy declares following principles: the unity of the market for agricultural products, raw materials and food that ensure equal conditions for competition in this market; participation of agricultural enterprises in government programs on the base of free competition; consistency of the policy measures supporting agriculture.
Implemented by: Decree No. 954 of the Cabinet of Ministers “On measures for implementation of the Presidential Decree No. 347 “On state agrarian policy”. (2014-07-17)
Amended by: Presidential Decree No. 50 amending Presidential Decree No. 347 “On state agrarian policy”. (2018-02-02)
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After seven decades as a constituent republic of the USSR, Belarus attained its independence in 1991. It has retained closer political and economic ties to Russia than have any of the other former Soviet republics. Belarus and Russia signed a treaty on a two-state union on 8 December 1999 envisioning greater political and economic integration. Although Belarus agreed to a framework to carry out the accord, serious implementation has yet to take place.