EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: "This assessment of the rural Dry Zone reveals the
nutrition situation to be a concern, with high
rates of wasting and medium rates of stunting, high rates of low birth weight and high rates
of undernutrition among mothers; particularly
those who are pregnant and/or lactating. The
pattern of indicators suggests that flood plains and irrigated areas are best off,
highlands may be worst,
but the situation is far from acceptable in the Dry Zone as a whole.
A wide range of likely causes of undernutrition needs addressing. Acute and chronic
malnutrition have shared determinants and there is a need to tackle one to tackle the other.
Children’s and mother’s nutrition status are associated, and a child’s birth weight is an
important determinant of their later nutrition status. This
us of the imortance of
the 1000 day window
of opportunity between a child’s conception and their second birthday,
and the need to take a life-cycle approach; paying p
articular attention to pregnant and
breastfeeding mothers. Dietary factors and their determinants seem
to be particularly
important drivers of undernutrition as do
deficiencies in water, sanitation, hygiene and the
public health environment.
An absence of consistent associations between household
economic status and nutrition indicators is likely
in part because of widespread poverty
as the focus on data from the current situation.
However, analysis of associations revealed
only small contributions of any specific explanatory variable to the variance of any of the
(including indicators of food security)
which together with analysis of risk
factors reinforces that there is not just two or three important causes of undernutrition
Rather,a multi-sector approach is required for malnutrition prevention and
nutrition status improvement.
Autores e editores
The Save the Children Fund, commonly known as Save the Children, is an international non-governmental organisation that promotes children's rights, provides relief and helps support children in developing countries. It was established in the United Kingdom in 1919 in order to improve the lives of children through better education, health care, and economic opportunities, as well as providing emergency aid in natural disasters, war, and other conflicts.
The World Food Programme is the world's largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger worldwide.
Provedor de dados
The Online Burma/Myanmar Library (OBL) is a non-profit online research library mainly in English and Burmese serving academics, activists, diplomats, NGOs, CSOs, CBOs and other Burmese and international actors. It is also, of course, open to the general public.