In the research was submitted agricultural land market in Poland, in the political system transformation conditions, with consideration it function, stimulating the structural change of farming including territorial structure. There were characterized changes occurring in polish country with indication of the following processes: growing strength of agricultural land market, increasing role of agricultural lands' lease and also progressive process of land concentration and changing ownership relations. Economic system changes occurring in Poland, initiated in 1989 with political system change, were converter of new processes occurring in all economic sectors, including farming. Whereas, ownership relations changed and connected with them farming restructuring drove to development of agricultural land market. Land market became main tool in the process of exploitation transformation and zoning decision of rural areas which by the varied forms of land transactions makes the changes in arrangement of farming and non-farming functions in the space, making economic processes more dynamic and stabilizing changes in the space and time. Significant feature of the nineties became the process of reconstruction and increasing role of agricultural land market. Vital influence on that had cancellation of diverse restrictions impending that trading such as: territorial standards, rules of division and inheritance the farms and also inter-sectors land transaction and the others. Those changes created legal background of farming the agricultural land market in Poland. Farming soils leases, including also leases between the farmers, have begun to gain bigger and new meaning. Changes in this respect had positive influence on revival and improvement of land transaction. Whereas negative influence on those processes had such phenomena as: food demand barrier, excessive liberalization foreign trade of farm-food produce, expensive credits and increasing unemployment in the country. It is progressing more and more evidently the process of territorial structure polarization, consisting in increasing participation of the smallest and bigger territorially farms and decreasing participation of middle farms, with reference to farms quantity as well as exploited farming soils.
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Ministry of Agriculture are responsible for agriculture, forest sector, fisheries, rural development, veterinery and food.
Functions of ministry are: Develop agriculture, forest sector and fishery policies; Organisation and coordination of agriculture, forest sector and fishery policies implementation.
Objective of the rural development policy is improving competitiveness of agriculture and forestry, applying new methods and technologies, and particularly, supporting young farmers.