Berlin’s unification in the last 12 years was not only a political, social or civil task to be solved, but it was essential to go with a readable and coherent urban structure. This was attempted with the elaboration of the 'Planwerk Innenstadt', a structural land use plan for central Berlin covering an area of 30 km2. The urbanism and architecture practised in the last decade reflect the rigid and conservative aesthetics and inflexible guidelines of traditional European townbuilding, set up by the plan and the Senate. Consequently, most ideas and projects of modern urban or architectural expression were left aside, whereas the interests of a globalised real estate market with anonymous international developers prevailed.
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The Institute of Architecture and Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia (IAUS) was founded in 1954 within the Faculty of Architecture. It was established as an independent scientific research organization by the Decision of the Republic Executive Council No.N/303 of May 13, 1961. The Institute’s scientific research and professional work is carried out within three organizational units as follows:
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