Improving tenure security for the poor in Africa: Mozambique - Country Case Study | Land Portal

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Date of publication: 
December 2007
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The paper looks at land tenure in Mozambique, where ever since independence in 1975, property in land has been vested in the state, and despite the political and economic shift to a multiparty system and market economy, this underlying principle has remained in place: no land may be sold, mortgaged, or otherwise encumbered or alienated. Local traditional land management systems meanwhile have retained a robust role as the de facto land management system of Mozambique. These systems – and the rights they attribute to rural people – were formally recognized in the 1995 National Land Policy and subsequent 1997 Land Law. While the new law had to respect basic constitutional principles, the legislators also had to develop a law appropriate for a market economy. The land policy therefore seeks to protect existing rights, while also promoting private investment and, to this end, seeks to provide secure land rights for investors as an essential condition for this.

Authors and Publishers

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 
Norfolk, S. Evtimov, Vladimir (SDAA) Land and Water Division Deputy Directory-General Natural Resources
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