These Regulations give effect in Irish law to Directive No. 2014/89/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a framework for maritime spatial planning by establishing the necessary legal basis for the Minister to implement maritime spatial planning. The Regulations designate the Minister as the competent authority for the purposes of the Directive and provide the broad framework within which the Minister will implement maritime spatial planning. “Maritime spatial planning” means the process by which the competent authorities of Ireland duly analyse and organise human activities in marine areas to achieve ecological, economic and social objectives. When establishing and implementing maritime spatial planning, the competent authority concerned shall- for specified purposes have regard to, among other things - the economic, social and environmental aspects to support sustainable development and growth in the maritime sector and an ecosystem based approach. Specified purposes include the fisheries and aquaculture sectors and preserving, protecting and improving the environment, including resilience to climate change impacts.
Implements: Directive 2008/56/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a framework for community action in the field of marine environmental policy (Marine Strategy Framework Directive). (2008-06-17)
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Celtic tribes arrived on the island between 600 and 150 B.C. Invasions by Norsemen that began in the late 8th century were finally ended when King Brian BORU defeated the Danes in 1014. Norman invasions began in the 12th century and set off more than seven centuries of Anglo-Irish struggle marked by fierce rebellions and harsh repressions. The Irish famine of the mid-19th century saw the population of the island drop by one third through starvation and emigration. For more than a century after that the population of the island continued to fall only to begin growing again in the 1960s.