The governing Georgian Dream party (GD) continues to control all branches of the state. Although the UNM-led opposition put pressure on the GD government, it won a third term in allegedly fraudulent parliamentary elections on October 31, 2020. The opposition refused to take up their seats in the new parliament, which led to a political deadlock.
In 2019, the long-awaited transition of presidential power from Nursultan Nazarbayev to his anointed successor Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev took place. However, Nazarbayev continues to wield power. Among his many positions is the chair-for-life of the National Security Council, a constitutional body that has effective veto power over key policy decisions.
Although actor agency in the context of China’s growing global presence is now the centre of considerable academic attention, China–Central Asia encounters, particularly with regard to local dynamics, remain relatively unexplored. It is a delicate field involving large Chinese loans and investments, debt, the Uyghur question, and complicated elite networks.
Kazakhstan’s leaders have long harbored ambitious visions for their country’s future.
Repenser nos alimentations, c’est repenser nos sociétés. Car partager un repas et même faire ses courses sont des moyens de se relier aux autres. La façon de nous nourrir construit notre santé. Nos modes de production agricole façonnent nos paysages et définissent notre place dans la nature.
A crise ecológica contemporânea tem contribuído para revigorar o debate académico em torno do conceito de capitalismo e da sua relação com a ecologia. Neste ensaio procuraremos caracterizar o que é o capitalismo e apresentar diferentes posicionamentos em resposta à questão de saber se ele pode ser compatível com a sustentabilidade ecológica do planeta.
For more than five years, the Women’s Land Tenure Security (WOLTS) Project has been investigating the intersection of gender and land relations in mining-affected pastoralist communities in Mongolia and Tanzania.
The “Responsible Governance of Investments in Land” (RGIL) project in Lao PDR fosters investment quality promotion to ensure that agriculture and forestry investments in land are productive, contribute to sustainable land management and respect the rights and needs of local populations.
Si, à l’échelle mondiale, la population est majoritairement urbaine, la plupart des pays d’intervention de l’AFD sont profondément ruraux, avec une population rurale qui représente jusqu’à 70 % à 80 % de la population.