Land and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) | Land Portal

UN member States endorsed the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and committed to implement the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)- a set of 17 Global Goals, in a 15-year period. The SDGs contain land-related targets and indicators under SDGs 1, 2, 5, 11 and 15.  Many national, regional and global organizations and stakeholders working in the land sector are committed to implementing the SDGs and monitoring the land-related indicators to promote responsible land governance and secure tenure rights for all. Land is a key economic resource inextricably linked to access to, use of and control over other economic and productive resources thus, critical to achieving the SDGs.

Oxfam together with the International Land Coalition, analyzed the Voluntary National Reports submitted by national governments to the High Level Political Forum 2020 with emphasis on land-related SDG progress. Despite some positive developments, the analysis concludes that land rights have not yet been prioritized in many countries. The report also shows that it needs strong political commitment, resources, and multi-sectoral efforts to fulfill the land-related SDG indicators.

The official metadata are available at the SDG UN Metadata website

Learn more about this initiative.

Discover the five targets and 13 indicators related to land:

Target
1.4

By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance

Indicator
1.4.2

Proportion of total adult population with secure tenure rights to land, with legally recognized documentation and who perceive their rights to land as secure, by sex and by type of tenure

Target
2.3

By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment

Indicator
2.3.1

Volume of production per labour unit by classes of farming/pastoral/forestry enterprise size

Indicator
2.3.2

Average income of small-scale food producers, by sex and indigenous status

Target
2.4

By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality

Indicator
2.4.1

Proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture

Target
5.a

Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws

Indicator
5.a.1

(a) Proportion of total agricultural population with ownership or secure rights over agricultural land, by sex; (b) share of women among owners or rights-bearers of agricultural land, by type of tenure

Indicator
5.a.2

Proportion of countries where the legal framework (including customary law) guarantees women’s equal rights to land ownership and/or control

Target
11.1

By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums

Indicator
11.1.1

Proportion of urban population living in slums, informal settlements or inadequate housing

Target
11.3

By 2030, enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries

Indicator
11.3.1

Ratio of land consumption rate to population growth rate

Target
11.7

By 2030, provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in particular for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities

Indicator
11.7.1

Average share of the built-up area of cities that is open space for public use for all, by sex, age and persons with disabilities

Target
15.1

By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements

Indicator
15.1.1

Forest area as a proportion of total land area

Indicator
15.1.2

Proportion of important sites for terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity that are covered by protected areas, by ecosystem type

Target
15.2

By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally

    Indicator
    15.2.1

    Progress towards sustainable forest management

    Target
    15.3

    By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world

    Indicator
    15.3.1

    Proportion of land that is degraded over total land area

    Land-related SDG timeline

    Track important decisions for each indicator, from conception through to upcoming decision meetings. Zoom in and out and swipe left and right to see details.

    News and Blogs

    No Land Rights - No SDGS
    9 Julio 2021

    Ubicación

    Online
    XX
    Global

    Secure land tenure is a tool of empowerment. It leads to productive land investments, increased autonomy to make decisions over land by women, men and communities contributing to higher incomes. The co-relationship between secure land tenure and increased food production is central to tackle hunger.

    Organizers: 
    Land Portal Foundation
    International Land Coalition
    Landesa - Rural Development Institute
    SDG 11 and Adequate housing: Shared experience of Europe and the Global South
    9 Diciembre 2020

    Ubicación

    Online
    Estados Unidos
    US
    Global

    The webinar “SDG 11 and Adequate Housing: Shared experiences of Europe and the Global South” is organized within the framework of 

    Organizers: 
    Solid Ground
    Habitat for Humanity Romania
    PonteMaduro
    10 Noviembre 2020
    Authors: 
    Mrs. Patricia Maria Queiroz Chaves
    Brasil

    "I worked for ten years with my husband to build our house on the land we bought, but he died unexpectedly. His daughters expelled me from my house and my land. He and I lived together for fifteen years but I had no means to claim my rights and was not aware of my [vulnerable] situation." --Maria José, from Caruaru

    How to Report  On SDG Land Targets in 2021:  Introductory Session for Civil Society Organizations
    28 Octubre 2020

    Ubicación

    Online
    Estados Unidos
    US
    África
    América Latina y el Caribe
    Asia
    Global

    All the UN member states have committed to achieve the Sustainable Development Targets by 2030. However, there is a clear gap between what is being committed and the delivery of the commitments. For example, in 2020 National Voluntary Reports only seven countries reported on specific land targets. No country reported on the all three key land targets.

    Organizers: 
    Land Portal Foundation
    Landesa - Rural Development Institute
    International Land Coalition
    How to Report  On SDG Land Targets in 2021:  Introductory Session for Government Partners
    26 Octubre 2020

    Ubicación

    Online
    Estados Unidos
    US
    Global

    All the UN member states have committed to achieve the Sustainable Development Targets by 2030. However, there is a clear gap between what is being committed and the delivery of the commitments. For example, in 2020 National Voluntary Reports only seven countries reported on specific land targets. No country reported on the all three key land targets.

    Organizers: 
    Land Portal Foundation
    International Land Coalition
    Landesa - Rural Development Institute

    Comparta esta página