SDGs: Indicator 11.7.1 | Land Portal

This indicator is currently classified as Tier II. The United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) is the Custodian agency for this indicator.

Unit of measure: Ratio of land allocated to public spaces and  the  total  population  with  access  of  these  spaces (%).


Why is this indicator important?

Cities work in a sustainable manner when private and public spaces have a symbiotic relationship. Public spaces are often seen as symbols of equality because they tend to be open and available to all members of the public regardless of sex, age, or disability. Yet these spaces have dwindled in urban areas in recent years.

Well-planned and managed public spaces have positive impacts, such as maintaining social inclusion, civic identity, quality of life, productivity, and environmental sustainability. However, the non-provision or privatization of public spaces has brought about increased exclusion and marginalization. City-wide policies and strategies should ensure proper planning, design and management of public spaces at different scales.


How is the indicator measured and monitored?

According to the metadata document, the area of public space is measured based on three steps: 1) spatial analysis to measure built-up areas that refer to urban/city area; 2) identification and estimation of the total area occupied by open public spaces and; 3) estimation of the total area allocated to streets. The data is disaggregated by quality of the open public space (in terms of safety, inclusivity, accessibility, greenness, and comfort), type of open space (e.g., green, blue) as well as age, gender, and disability status.

Most data is collected through urban land use plans, GIS data, or community mapping, in collaboration with national statistical authorities and other stakeholders working on this indicator. Existing data covers 712 cities with new cities being added constantly.


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Urban population refers to the share (%) of people living in Urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the ratio between Rural Population and Total Population.

Measurement unit: 
Percentage (%)

Population living in slums is the proportion of the urban population living in slum households.

Measurement unit: 
Percentage (%)

Process for urban expansion clear, public, respects rights measured on a scale from A - which stands for good practices - to D - reflecting weak practices.

Measurement unit: 
Index (A; D)

Restrictions on urban land use, ownership and transferability measured on a scale from A - which stands for good practices - to D - reflecting weak practices.

Measurement unit: 
Index (A; D)

Urban planning based on public input measured on a scale from A - which stands for good practices - to D - reflecting weak practices.

Measurement unit: 
Index (A; D)

Land and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Goal 11: Sustainable cities and communities
Target 11.7: By 2030, provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in particular for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities

Indicator details

Tier 2

The indicator is conceptually clear, has an internationally established methodology and standards are available, but data is not regularly produced by countries.

Custodian agency: 

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