Dans les villages miniers du Cameroun, notamment dans la région de l’Est où l’activité aurifère est florissante, parents, autorités traditionnelles et responsables d’écoles sont aux abois.
Le défi de la bonne gouvernance foncière est « en voie » d’être relevé grâce aux efforts de l’Etat et à l’engagement de l’ensemble des acteurs. C’est ce qu’a affirmé le secrétaire général du ministère de l’Agriculture et de l’équipement rural (MAER) mardi 18 mai 2021.
(Investir au Cameroun) - Le 5 mai 2021, le Premier ministre (PM), Joseph Dion Ngute, a signé un décret annulant l’incorporation dans le domaine privé de l’État de plus de 66 000 hectares de terre dans le département de la Vallée du Ntem, dans la région du Sud du Cameroun.
Peru shares the main land-related problems of several South American countries: the existence of very large landholdings (latifundios), on the one hand, and small landholdings (minifundios), on the other, in historical processes marked by the interests of actors such as landowners, agro-industrialists, peasants, and indigenous communities. However, unlike some neighboring countries, the dynamics of these elements are different due to a series of particular agricultural policies and their respective results, which have placed Peru as one of the main producers and exporters of agricultural crops in the region.
Despite the achievement of Constitutional democracy in 1994, 'the land question' is at the heart of South Africa's struggles to overcome the cumulative legacies of nearly 350 years of white minority rule. The emotive quality of land policies evokes painful legacies fuelled by disappointments with the official land reform programme ushered in by the new Constitution of 1996. There is broad agreement that land reform programmes have not fulfilled their aims to significantly redistribute land and productive agrarian capacity, strengthen land tenure for the majority, and settle the restitution claims of victims of land dispossession.
Climate change can destabilize existing land and resource governance institutions and associated property rights across the spectrum of landscape types. Transformed climatic conditions, manifested in either rapid-onset or slow-onset ways, can change how land and natural resources are accessed and used as geographical shifts in resource productivity, resource scarcity, and therefore land use patterns occur.
Conflict is a major cause and, in some cases, result of humanitarian crises. Conflict frequently overlaps with underlying social inequalities, poverty and high levels of vulnerability. Conflicts are direct threats to food security as they cause massive loss of life and therefore loss of workforce (which is particularly important, as agriculture tends to rely heavily on human labour), loss of vital livestock, and loss of land. Conflicts displace millions of people each year, often forcing them to flee with nothing and making them extremely reliant on the communities that offer them shelter and humanitarian aid. This can place unsustainable pressure on hosting communities that often face high levels of food insecurity and struggle to make ends meet.