Impact Assessment Study of Socio-Economic Development Programmes in Himachal Pradesh, sponsored by the Planning Commission, Government of India has been conducted by Asia pacific Socio-Economic Research Institute, New Delhi from December 1999 to February 2000.
2. For socio-economic development of the country a cherished goal before the planners since the launch of the First Five Year Plan development strategy has undergone important adaptations in successive Plans reflecting both changing conditions and fresh experiences. ‘Trickle Down Theory’ of the first two decades of planned development was replaced by direct interventionist policy for target oriented groups. Expansion of employment opportunities was found necessary for poverty alleviation and effective utilization of human resources for economic and social development.
3. Himachal Pradesh, a North Indian hill state and one of the 13 hill state & regions of the country, has incidence of poverty of 28.44 percent which is lower than the national average. Even rural poverty at 30.34% is less than the average for all other Indian States. Of course, incidence of poverty in rural tribal areas is higher at 63.74 percent than the all-India average of 51.94 percent. Himachal Pradesh has created a new concept in socio-economic development of hill areas and is viewed as a model of development for other hill areas in India.
4. The main objective of the Study was to assess the qualitative improvement in the Living standard of the rural people and the disadvantaged groups in the society through the feedback on various socio-economic programmes implemented in the state and Solan district during 1996-97 to 1998-99.
Authors and Publishers
Asia Pacific Socio-Economic Research Institute, Planning Commission
The Indus Valley civilization, one of the world's oldest, flourished during the 3rd and 2nd millennia B.C. and extended into northwestern India. Aryan tribes from the northwest infiltrated the Indian subcontinent about 1500 B.C.; their merger with the earlier Dravidian inhabitants created the classical Indian culture. The Maurya Empire of the 4th and 3rd centuries B.C. - which reached its zenith under ASHOKA - united much of South Asia. The Golden Age ushered in by the Gupta dynasty (4th to 6th centuries A.D.) saw a flowering of Indian science, art, and culture.
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