This Act, which is composed of 124 articles, regulates the use of agricultural land, their protection, marketing and leasing, agricultural operations and common pastures. Provisions of this Act apply mutatis mutandis to forests, unless otherwise provided by law. For these provisions agricultural land means land that is suitable for agricultural production, other than building land and water and land for other purposes. The agricultural land includes all land abandoned, not designated as forest under the Forest Act. Agricultural land, on the basis of their natural characteristics, location, shape and size of the parcel, is divided into: (1) the best agricultural land which is most suitable for agricultural production; (2) other agricultural lands which are less suitable for agricultural production. Determination of land suitable for agricultural production, for building, water or other purposes, is possible only in planning acts of the Republic of Slovenia and the local community in accordance with the law. Agricultural land should be used in accordance with its purpose to avoid pollution or other degradation and to avoid inhibiting the growth of plants.
Implemented by: Regulation on the consolidation of agricultural land. (2004-06-23)
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The Slovene lands were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the latter's dissolution at the end of World War I. In 1918, the Slovenes joined the Serbs and Croats in forming a new multinational state, which was named Yugoslavia in 1929. After World War II, Slovenia became a republic of the renewed Yugoslavia, which though communist, distanced itself from Moscow's rule. Dissatisfied with the exercise of power by the majority Serbs, the Slovenes succeeded in establishing their independence in 1991 after a short 10-day war.