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Mostrando 1561 - 1570 de 1588
Library Resource
Artículos de revistas y libros
Diciembre, 2008
Indonesia

Although Indonesia has no shortage of land area that lost its forest cover before 1990 and has become the global leader in land-use based greenhouse gas emissions, the widespread expectation that the afforestation/reforestation approach to Clean Development Mechanisms (A/R CDM) could lead to sustainable development benefits has not so far materialized.

Library Resource
Artículos de revistas y libros
Diciembre, 2008

Natural reforestation reflects a decline in traditional agricultural practices. In the last decades, natural forest re-growth has replaced much of the grasslands in the Swiss mountains. This is an area where traditional cultivation has preserved unique landscapes and habitats of high ecological value. We investigated the patterns and determinants of natural reforestation of sub-alpine grasslands at the sub-parcel level using raster cells as the units of the analysis, and at the municipality-level. The study encompassed four municipalities in the Swiss Alps.

Library Resource
Artículos de revistas y libros
Diciembre, 2008
Canadá

A cutover bog contaminated with seawater in New Brunswick, Canada remained barren 5 years after peat extraction operations ceased despite the proximity of natural seed sources. The aim of the study was to identify abiotic stresses impeding plant establishment and test transplanting of salt-tolerant wetland plants. The site consisted of long cambered rectangular fields that sloped down (2%) to the drainage ditches on both sides. Across this slope, zones were delineated based on moisture gradient as: Up-areas (drier), Mid-areas (moist) and Low-areas (wet).

Library Resource
Artículos de revistas y libros
Diciembre, 2008
Ecuador, Bolivia

The implicit hydrologic dimensions of international efforts to mitigate climate change, specifically potential impacts of the Clean Development Mechanism-Afforestation/Reforestation (CDM-AR) provisions of the Kyoto Protocol (KP) on global, regional and local water cycles, are examined. The global impact of the redistribution of water use driven by agriculture and land use change, of which CDM-AR can be a contributing factor, is a major component of ongoing global change and climate change processes.

Library Resource
Artículos de revistas y libros
Diciembre, 2008
Francia, Suiza, España, Alemania, Europa, América del Sur

Raw materials for animal feeding are highly deficient in Europe, which results in massive imports of soya beans from North and South America. These imports are connected with a number of environmental problems. Increasing the grain legume production in Europe could be a promising alternative. The impacts of introducing grain legumes into existing European crop rotations are investigated in this article. The environmental impacts are evaluated by using the SALCA (Swiss Agricultural Life Cycle Assessment) life cycle assessment method and the ecoinvent life cycle inventory database.

Library Resource
Artículos de revistas y libros
Diciembre, 2008
Italia

This study aimed at setting up a comprehensive approach on viticultural and olive tree cultivation environmental impact, through soil and landscape change analysis at the years 1965, 1990, 1994 and 2000, both at the catchment and province scales. The study area was the province of Siena, in central Italy. Following a DPSIR approach, the State indicators checked the Impact of agricultural policies (Drivers), which have increased the Pressure of specialized crops, and suggested Response actions.

Library Resource
Artículos de revistas y libros
Diciembre, 2008

We estimated the probability of enrollment and factors influencing participation in a forest stewardship-type program, Minnesota's Sustainable Forest Incentives Act, using data from a mail survey of over 1000 randomly-selected Minnesota family forest owners. Of the 15 variables tested, only five were significant predictors of a landowner's interest in enrolling in the program: compensation amount, intention to obtain a forest management plan, opposition to the program's land covenant, prior awareness of the program, and total acres of forest land owned.

Library Resource
Artículos de revistas y libros
Diciembre, 2008
Francia

The influence of ageing grassland on microbial community structure in different long-term grassland regimes compared to tillage in neighbouring fields was investigated to evaluate whether grassland restoration can be considered as a specific type of management for soil conservation in northern France. Microbial community structure was examined by analyzing the distribution of total and labile organic matter, the size of bacterial and fungal populations, and bacterial metabolic fingerprints and fungal genetic fingerprints.

Library Resource
Artículos de revistas y libros
Diciembre, 2008
Países Bajos

Land use/cover change (LUCC) is often the cumulative result of individual farmer's decisions. To understand and simulate LUCC as the result of local decisions, multi-agent systems models (MAS) have become a popular technique. However, the definition of agents is not often based on real data, ignoring the inherent diversity of farmers and farm characteristics in rural landscapes. The aim of this paper is to describe an empirical method that defines an agent typology and allocates agents into the different agent types for an entire region.

Library Resource
Artículos de revistas y libros
Diciembre, 2008
China

To assess sustainability of rural management in the Changjiang River basin, human behavioral (food consumption, lifestyle pattern, and human waste disposal) impact on nitrogen flow was quantitatively evaluated. A survey of day-to-day activities was conducted in two representative counties: Taoyuan and Taihe. Daily nitrogen intake from food per capita and potential nitrogen load from human waste on the environment were calculated. The former in Taoyuan and Taihe was 17.0 and 16.0gN, respectively.

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