Migration and land rental as risk response in rural China | Land Portal

Resource information

Date of publication: 
January 2011
Resource Language: 
ISBN / Resource ID: 
eldis:A58967

Households in developing countries take various actions to smooth income or consumption as a means of managing or responding to risk. This paper examines migration and land rental market participation as responses to risk in rural China.
The authors show that over the last 30 years, there have been significant reforms in China, which have increased labour mobility and the functioning of rural land markets. The authors emphasise that while limitations still remain, the reforms have to date increased the efficiency of the allocation of these important factors of production.
The document’s findings are listed below: 

the nature of exposure to risk affects people’s ability to manage risks
individual shocks can often be managed through intra-village insurance arrangements such as risk-sharing arrangements or social safety nets
however, these strategies work primarily because the shocks that are insured through these strategies are not widespread 
as a result, individual income risks do not affect household rental market participation
nevertheless, risks threatening households increase land rental market participation, but decrease participation in migration
because death in a household reduces a household’s redundant labour, these individual labour shocks significantly lower the likelihood that a household will participate in migration

Authors and Publishers

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 

P.S. Ward
G.E. Shively

Publisher(s): 
AgEcon Search

AgEcon Search: Research in Agricultural and Applied Economics collects, indexes, and electronically distributes full text copies of scholarly research in the broadly defined field of agricultural economics including sub disciplines such as agribusiness, food supply, natural resource economics, environmental economics, policy issues, agricultural trade, and economic development.

Data provider

eldis (ELDIS)

Eldis is an online information service providing free access to relevant, up-to-date and diverse research on international development issues. The database includes over 40,000 summaries and provides free links to full-text research and policy documents from over 8,000 publishers. Each document is selected by members of our editorial team.

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