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Showing items 1 through 9 of 604.
  1. Library Resource
    Rapport du Rapporteur spécial sur les droits de l’homme et l’extrême pauvreté sur sa mission en Mauritanie
    Reports & Research
    March, 2017

    Le Secrétariat a l’honneur de transmettre au Conseil des droits de l’homme le
    rapport du Rapporteur spécial sur les droits de l’homme et l’extrême pauvreté, Philip
    Alston sur la mission que celui-ci a réalisée en Mauritanie, du 2 au 11 mai 2016. Le
    Rapporteur spécial a constaté que, si la Mauritanie avait réalisé des progrès notables dans la
    lutte contre la pauvreté ces dernières années, une grande partie de la population continuait à
    vivre dans une pauvreté multidimensionnelle et n’avait pas accès à une nourriture

  2. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    November, 2017

    How They Tricked Us: Living with the Gibe III Dam and Sugarcane Plantations in Southwest Ethiopia, reveals the dire situation faced by the Indigenous in Ethiopia's Lower Omo Valley and calls for urgent action by the government.

    For years, the Oakland Institute has raised alarm about the threats that the Gibe III Dam and sugarcane plantations pose to the local population in the region. Now, several years on, new field research reveals the true impact on the Indigenous communities, who have called the area home for centuries.

  3. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    March, 2017
    Central African Republic, Norway

    Issues swirling around land across Africa have never been so central to key social and political-economic dynamics as they are at the present time. The first part of the paper briefly reviews the construction of customary tenure and the historical phases of administrative interventions into land tenure, and considers their heritage in contemporary situations.

  4. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    October, 2017

    The formalisation of local or customary land rights is often seen as a means of tackling insecurity of land tenure and encouraging investment. Several tools, such as the Rural Land Plans (PFRs) used in Benin, seem to resolve the tension between the logic of registering rights in order to increase productivity and the logic of securing complex local rights and reducing conflict. But while PFRs are potentially a good tool for dealing with complexity, current policy debate in Benin tends to focus on them as a tool for privatisation.

  5. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    May, 2017
    Eastern Africa

    Land degradation is a serious impediment to improving rural livelihoods in Eastern Africa. This paper identifies major land degradation patterns and causes, and analyzes the determinants of sustainable land management (SLM) in three countries (Ethiopia, Malawi and Tanzania). The results show that land degradation hotspots cover about 51%, 41%, 23% and 23% of the terrestrial areas in Tanzania, Malawi and Ethiopia respectively.

  6. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    February, 2017
    Central African Republic

    Farmers under a sharecropping contract have been shown to exert less effort than farmers renting land due to lower incentives. They do not only choose their effort level, however, but also make investment decisions between projects of different risk-return profiles. We develop a small theoretical model that integrates the effort effect of sharecropping as well as the risk-reducing aspect of sharecropping which allows analyzing the implications for production, risk-management and risk-coping.

  7. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    October, 2017

    This paper investigates the impact of a rural land certification program on schooling in two zones of the Amhara region of Ethiopia. Using the variation in the timing of the arrival of the program at the local level, we investigate the link between land tenure security, schooling and child labor. The results show a positive effect of improved land rights on school enrollment for all children in one of the zones studied, and for oldest sons in the other. Grade progress of oldest sons, who are most likely to inherit the land, worsens.

  8. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2017
    French Southern and Antarctic Lands, France

    Users of transport infrastructures nearby hazardous plants may represent important populations potentially impacted by a major accident. Toulouse catastrophe in 2011 has been an illustrative example as it strongly impacted highway users. Therefore, transport infrastructure users (Roads and railways mainly) represent a population to be protected within a land use planning policy as it is the case for inhabitants.

  9. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2017
    Ethiopia, Nicaragua, United States of America

    Land provides crucial ecosystem services for human existence and human well-being, including provisioning, regulating, supporting and cultural services. Those services provide among others the production of fresh air, food, feed, fuel and fibre. They regulate the risks of natural hazards and climate change, offer cultural and spiritual values to our society, and support key ecological functions such as nutrient and water cycling, filtering and buffering, and are central to economic vitality.

  10. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2017

    Rangelands cover a surface area of more than 2 million hectares in Cameroon. Despite their relatively unpredictable climate and unproductive nature they provide a wide variety of goods and services including forage for livestock, habitat for wildlife, water and minerals, woody products, recreational services, nature conservation as well as acting as carbon sinks. Rangelands in Cameroon are predominantly grassland savanna with three types distinguishable: the Guinean savanna, Sudan savanna (also known as ‘derived montane grasslands’), and the Sahel savanna.

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