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Showing items 1 through 9 of 625.
  1. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2016

    Since its independence in 1980, Zimbabwe has pursued a land reform and resettlement program aimed at addressing racially skewed land distribution. The most recent phase, the Fast Track Land Reform Program, was launched in 2000 with the aim of acquiring at least five million hectares of land for redistribution. This paper investigates the impact of this program on perceptions of tenure security and investments in soil conservation. Evidence suggests that the program not only created some insecurity among its beneficiaries but also had an adverse impact on investments in soil conservation.

  2. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    July, 2016
    Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, Russia, United States of America

    This study assesses the determinants of forest land allocation to households in the forest tenure reforms in China in the period 1980-2005 using data from three provinces in Southern China; Fujian, Jiang Xi and Yunnan. Furthermore, it assesses the current level of tenure security on forest land and how this tenure security is affected by past and more recent policy changes.

  3. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    July, 2016

    The authors use a large data set from Ethiopia that differentiates tenure security and transferability to explore determinants of different types of land-related investment and its possible impact on productivity. While they find some support for endogeneity of investment in trees, this is not the case for terraces. Transfer rights are unambiguously investment-enhancing. The large productivity effect of terracing implies that, even where households undertake investments to increase their tenure security, this may not be socially efficient.

  4. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    June, 2014
    Madagascar, Norway

    The Malagasy land reform, ongoing since 2005, belongs to the new generation of land reforms. It promotes the legal recognition of existing landholders’ rights (through certification) and the decentralization of land management. Despite the change of paradigm underlying this new wave of reforms, premises and expectations remain unchanged: a) rights legalization is justified by large tenure insecurity and b) rights formalization is a prerequisite to reduce conflicts over land rights, improve access to credit, boost productive investments and stimulate land markets.

  5. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    August, 2018
    Burkina Faso

    In this article, we study the impact of both secure individual and mixed allocation of plots of land on the farming household propensity to invest in land as well as to improve the productivity of the soil. For that purpose, we resort to the World Bank LSMS-ISA database established in 2014 from a representative sample at the national level of 10,800 farming households in Burkina Faso. The empirical application favors the estimation of a multivariate Probit with random effects and of a translog model with household fixed effects.

  6. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2017
    Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Puerto Rico, United States of America

    This paper examines willingness to pay for housing tenure security in favelas in six Brazilian states, Ceara, Paraiba, Pernambuco and in the north-east, Minas Gerais and Sao Paulo in the south-east, and Rio Grande do Sul in the south, using data from the national household survey (Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicilios, PNAD) for 2002.

  7. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2013

    Land management reform has re-emerged as a priority for many African countries and strongly supported by so-called development partners. This time round, a more nuanced theme combining the classic goals of enhancing tenure security, improving investment and productivity of land with those of poverty reduction and equity in land access. Many continue to question the neo-classical premise which perceives customary systems to not provide the necessary security to promote agricultural investment and productivity due to the lack of clearly defined private and enforceable property rights.

  8. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2015

    Despite the general consensus on the need for land reforms to boost agricultural development, the lack of blueprint on required actions to safeguard land rights forces many countries to pilot various policy measures with mixed results. Using the TIA (Trabalho de Inquérito Agrícola) 2008 household and parcel level data from Mozambique, this study shows how demand for formalization of individual land rights depends on the source and type of tenure security risks.

  9. Library Resource

    Local sustainable development solutions for people, nature, and resilient communities

    Reports & Research
    December, 2010

    Local and indigenous communities across the world are advancing innovative sustainable development solutions that work for people and for nature. Few publications or case studies tell the full story of how such initiatives evolve, the breadth of their impacts, or how they change over time. Fewer still have undertaken to tell these stories with community practitioners themselves guiding the narrative. The Equator Initiative aims to fill that gap.

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