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Showing items 1 through 9 of 529.
  1. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    February, 2000

    Conflits armés et crises alimentaires contribuent à leur manière à urbaniser
    l’Afrique sub-saharienne lorsque les villes jouent un rôle de refuge et que les combats
    se déroulent à la campagne. Malgré l’évacuation de ses habitants lors de la chute du
    régime Habyarimana en 1994, la capitale du Rwanda n’a pas démenti ce schéma et
    s’est vite repeuplée une fois le génocide terminé. La différence est qu’elle est
    désormais tenue par des élites tutsi et que les bouleversements de l’année 1994 ont

  2. Library Resource
    The Impact of Gendered Legal Rights to Land on the Prevalence and Nature of Intra-Household Land Disputes cover image
    Reports & Research
    September, 2015

    This research investigates the changing landscape of gendered land rights in Rwanda, and examines the impact of the statutory changes introduced by laws governing land, inheritance, succession and matrimonial property passed between 1999 and 2013. In addition to assessing the extent to which gendered, land-related legal provisions are put into practice and rights secured, this research also seeks to understand whether changes introduced to the legal framework gave rise to land disputes, and if so, the types of land disputes provoked and whether they involved gender-based violence.

  3. Library Resource
    January, 2006

    More than eleven years after the 1994 genocide, Rwanda might be an internally pacified, but by far not unified nation. There are different factors, which threaten the fragile social equilibrium. The issue of land is one of them. Land has long been a scarce and disputed resource in Rwanda. Ongoing shortages due to decreasing soil quality, growing population pressure and unequal distribution, as well as a lack of income generating alternatives beyond agriculture create an extremely precarious future to the national economy of the small, landlocked country.

  4. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    September, 2006

    In Rwanda, two factors make land a highly important and contested issue. First,
    Rwanda has the highest person-to-land ratio in Africa. This creates tremendous
    pressure on land in a country where most of the population lives in rural areas, and
    where agriculture remains the central economic activity. Second, Rwanda is recovering
    from massive population shifts caused by decades of ethnic strife and the 1994 civil war
    and genocide, which resulted in displaced populations and overlapping land claims.

  5. Library Resource
    June, 2005

    This case study, based on interviews in Rwanda and an extensive review of secondary material, builds on previous analysis, and examines proposed land reforms as articulated in the National Land Policy. However, it does not attempt to be a comprehensive review of the land policy – more in-depth studies have already been conducted. Instead, it situates the policy and the process involved within the wider debates about governance and conflict resolution in the country.

  6. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    August, 2012

    This brief discusses a pilot intervention in Rwanda led by the Belgian
    NGO, RCN Justice & Démocratie, with support from the International
    Development Law Organization (IDLO) and the Belgian Government. A
    more detailed and complete discussion of the pilot is given in Lankhorst
    and Veldman (2011a). The pilot aimed to transform the customary
    resolution of disputes involving women’s land claims concerning
    inheritance or marital relations. The intervention examined whether
    and to what extent it was possible to increase the scope for acceptance

  7. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2011

    We present a report on the results of a 10-month pilot project conducted in North- Western Rwanda that aimed to explore fruitful ways to engage with customary law in order to empower rural communities and rural women in particular. The focus is on the effectiveness of land dispute resolution at the community level and the respect for women’s formally guaranteed land rights by the institutions involved.

  8. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    September, 2009

    Female-headed households often experience inequalities in access to resources and income-generating opportunities. Conflicts may make women poorer. But it is important to realise that conflicts also offer an opportunity for change in which gender stereotypes shift and gender roles and identities can be renegotiated. Did genocide and civil war in Rwanda lead to new opportunities for rural women?

  9. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    February, 1998

    Looks at property rights and returnees, the situation of women in relation to property rights, consequences of women’s lack of access to land, initiatives taken by national authorities to improve women’s property rights, and initiatives taken by UNHCR.

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