Grassroots organizations do not need to wait for the state to implement Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (Tenure Guidelines or TGs). Rural communities can take governance into their own hands and use TGs as a tool for investigation, reflection and action. The challenge is how to take the next step: under what conditions can TGs provide the rural poor with resources to organize and mobilize?
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Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2017Mali, Nigeria, Uganda, South Africa, Southern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationMarch, 2017Africa, South America, Central America, Asia
Improving land productivity is essential to meet increasing food and forage demands in hillside and mountain communities. Tens of millions of smallholder terrace farmers in Asia, Africa, and Latin America who earn $1-2 per day do not have access to peer-reviewed knowledge of best agronomic practices, though they have considerable traditional ecological knowledge. Terrace farmers also lack access to affordable farm tools and inputs required to increase crop yields.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationMarch, 2017Côte d'Ivoire, Sub-Saharan Africa
Field schools and plant clinics are key extension tools to fight Côte d’Ivoire lethal yellowing disease (CILY) that severely impacts the livelihoods of thousands of smallholder farmers in Grand-lahou, Côte d’Ivoire. This paper describes the processes in establishing and organizing field schools, plant clinics, Women Coconut Fairs and Women Groups in CILY-affected villages of GrandLahou. Land acquisition is one of the main issues that affect women within the coconut value chain in Grand-Lahou: women are denied access and control over farmland, and work at their husband’s plantations.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksOctober, 2017Ghana, Sub-Saharan Africa
This paper deals with strategies to overcome barriers to agricultural extension and advisory services for women in agriculture. In targeting extension services towards women in the agricultural value chain, specific challenges cited in the study surveys are: small farm sizes due to lack of access to land; limited access to credit, input supply, and assets; and inadequate access to tractor services. Men have main access to silos and warehouses for grain storage.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2017Haiti
The paper provides a case study of the conversion of state land in the Commune of Limonade, from a community-controlled agricultural economy to a large-scale agro-export banana plantation called Agritrans. This study shows how repurposing state land may impact food security and social stability of peasant farmers. The Agritrans plantation, designed and implemented by Haitian businessman and current President Jovenel Moïse, is used as a blueprint for Haiti’s development future.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2017Zimbabwe, Sub-Saharan Africa
The impacts of large-scale agricultural investments on rural communities’ land ownership, food security, productivity, income, and access to education and health differ within and between communities depending on business and government influence. Recent examples of large-scale investment models are dependent on the legal landscape in the investor’s country of origin, the investor-community linkages, and the nature of partnership with governments.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2017Niger
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2017Myanmar
This guidebook provides conceptual, legal and practical tools and resources to help civil society organizations guide communities through the process of documenting customary tenure at the local level. It also provides suggestions for how to build on the momentum generated by the documentation process to develop strategies and actions to defend, strengthen and promote customary rights at community, regional and national level. The guidebook was developed out of practical experience and conversations with local groups in Myanmar that have been documenting customary tenure.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJanuary, 2017Tajikistan
Like that in other post-communist states, Tajikistan’s agricultural decollectivization was initiated through top-down measures. However, the implementation process has not been uniform across the state’s territory; in some districts collective farms were quickly and thoroughly broken up, while in others the process is just now beginning. In this paper, we investigate spatial variation in Tajikistan’s decollectivization process.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJanuary, 2017Latin America and the Caribbean, South America, Brazil
This article presents a comparison for the impact from lack of land governance in Brazil between livestock and agricultural production. It begins with a brief description of the land regulatory system and its development in Mato Grosso do Sul State and Brazil. The methodology was based on focus groups research, conducted by CEPEA/USP (Center for advanced Studies on Applied Economics/University of São Paulo) on local production sites in Mato Grosso do Sul state, where a regional modal farm was established.
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