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Showing items 1 through 9 of 78.
  1. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    September, 2014
    Kenya

    The first set of the land laws were enacted in 2012 in line with the timelines outlined in the Constitution of Kenya 2010. In keeping with the spirit of the constitution, the Land Act, Land Registration Act and the national Land Commission Act respond to the requirements of Articles 60, 61, 62, 67 & 68 of the Constitution. The National Land Policy, which was passed as Sessional Paper No. 3 of 2009, arrived earlier than the Constitution, with some radical proposals on the land Management.

  2. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    Reports & Research
    July, 2012
    Kenya

    In Kenya, insecure land tenure and inequitable access to land and natural resources have contributed to conflict and violence, which has in return exacerbated food insecurity. Most farmers in Kenya have no legal title for the land on which they farm. Sources of tenure insecurity can be ethnic conflicts over land between neighbouring communities, particularly in the Northern provinces, expropriation by the state or local government and land grabbing by local elite or companies. Competition is as well growing over water, especially over groundwater, which is scarce in Kenya.

  3. Library Resource
    Screenshot 2019-02-14 at 14.01.45.A good practice on the implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure: A multi-actor and multi-sector approach in Sierra Leone cover image
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    October, 2016
    Sierra Leone

    In Sierra Leone, the well-being and livelihoods of many people, particularly the rural poor, are based on secure and equitable access to land, fisheries and forests. Increasing pressure on these resources in recent years has led to an escalation of conflict over access to natural resources.

  4. Library Resource
    How to deal with people in post displacement - reintegration: the welcoming capacity approach cover image
    Reports & Research
    March, 2014
    Global, Sudan, Burundi, Rwanda, South Sudan, Uganda, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia

    In conflict situations, peace settlements and cease-fire agreements may often, end violent conflicts, but do not prevent renewed violence or guarantee a permanent end to conflicts.5 According to the World Bank, chances that renewed conflicts will erupt are high and even higher when control over natural resources is at stake.6 In the past two decades alone, Africa has experienced violent conflicts with successive cease-fire agreements and peaceful settlements, which have often been followed by outbreaks of new conflicts.

  5. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    Institutional & promotional materials
    December, 2016
    Democratic Republic of the Congo

    Promoting a peaceful and lasting resolution to land conflicts in a protracted crisis context through a fair and environmentally sensitive approach.


  6. Library Resource
    Who Belongs Where? Conflict, Displacement, Land and Identity in North Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo cover image
    Reports & Research
    March, 2010
    Democratic Republic of the Congo

    Conflict in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) appears intractable. Since a peace agreement was signed in 2003, officially ending a decade of war in the country, an estimated two million civilians have died and millions of others have been forced to flee their homes, creating one of the world’s worst humanitarian disasters.


  7. Library Resource
    Nigeria: The Harvest Of Death - Three Years Of Bloody Clashes Between Farmers and Herders in Nigeria cover image
    Reports & Research
    December, 2018
    Nigeria

    This report documents the violent clashes between members of farmer communities and members of herder communities in parts of Nigeria, particularly in the northern parts of the country, over access to resources: water, land and pasture. It also documents the failure of the Nigerian government in fulfilling its constitutional responsibility of protection of lives and property by refusing to investigate, arrest and prosecute perpetrators of attacks.

  8. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    September, 2021
    Mali

    Cet article s'attachera à analyser la situation du conflit entre les djihadistes de Katiba Macina et les donsos dans la zone de Niono (région de Ségou, centre du Mali), ainsi que le processus qui a conduit à l'accord de paix entre les belligérants. La dynamique du conflit dans le centre et l'accord de paix permettent de comprendre les rouages complexes de la violence dans le centre du Mali.

  9. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2012
    Angola

    The current approach to peacebuilding by the international community is to focus on the priorities thought to be important to recovery, but this occurs in a largely non-integrated way. With these different endeavors largely isolated from each other in planning, analysis, implementation, and measures for success, little is known about how they interact and whether or not the aggregate effect contributes to, or detracts from durable peace. This is especially important for priorities which in some way interact with each other on the ground among a recipient population.

  10. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    November, 2018
    Africa, Kenya

    In north-western Kenya, significant oil reserves have been discovered and the first oil trucks have left Turkana County in June 2018. On the east side of Lake Turkana, the largest wind power project on the African continent was completed in mid-2017. This article applies a local to global perspective to explore the benefits and externalities for the local communities living in close proximity to the oil and wind exploitation sites. A particular focus is placed on governance of energy resources, water and employment opportunities and its impacts on new and existing conflict dynamics.

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