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Showing items 1 through 9 of 15998.
  1. Library Resource
    January, 2023
    Global

    What happens to local institutional arrangements regarding access and use of communal land under the forces of
    agricultural commercialization? Taking Khwaykham village in Phongsaly province, Laos as a case study, this
    paper sheds light on this question as farm households in the settlement have progressively transitioned to
    commercial farming, specifically tea cultivation. Traditionally, farm households’ access and rights to use the land
    were embedded in their swidden agriculture practices. The adoption of tea has increasingly fixed land use rights,

  2. Library Resource
    January, 2023
    Global

    Rice is a vital food crop in Tanzania, both for household consumption and commercial retail. Contract farming is an important agricultural tool through which farmers and larger investors are linked to increase production and quality of crops, benefiting both the farmers and investors. This chapter uses the relational model to look at the relationships in two rice contract farming schemes in Tanzania: Kapunga Rice Plantation Limited and Mtenda Kyela Rice Supply. The empirical data is from household surveys and interviews from the Mbeya region in 2015.

  3. Library Resource
    January, 2023
    Global

    Indigenous Peoples lands cover over a fifth of the world's land surface and support high levels of biodiversity. However, for centuries Indigenous Peoples have suffered from deprivation, often dispossession, and even cultural genocide, a process continuing today in some regions. Biodiversity hotspots, global areas of high endemicity that are heavily threatened by habitat loss and other human activities are also affected by conflict. Although covering only 2.4 % of the world's surface, over 80 % of armed conflicts occurred in biodiversity hotspots between 1950 and 2000.

  4. Library Resource
    January, 2023
    Cameroon

    Environmental policies ought to be integrated into economic sectors for successful outcomes. We assess to what extent Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD +) is integrated into land-use sectors driving deforestation in Cameroon. REDD + governance has been extensively examined, including the challenges of a multisectoral approach to tackle the drivers of deforestation, especially those lying outside the forestry sector.

  5. Library Resource
    January, 2023
    Myanmar

    Measuring and understanding gender differences in property rights is key to informing policy decisions and guiding investments aimed at fostering gender equality. However, there are a myriad ways of assessing property rights. Firstly, we assess which indicators to use and why it matters, focusing on rural Myanmar. Myanmar provides an interesting setting, as a large part of the population customarily follows joint property rights in marriage and upon dissolution of marriage and inheritance.

  6. Library Resource
    January, 2023
    Global

    On July 4, 2023, the launch meeting of the International Forum of Low-emission Agrifood Systems (IFLEAS), jointly initiated by China Agricultural University, the CGIAR Research Initiative on Low-Emission Food Systems (Mitigate+), and the Beijing Representative Office, was held in Beijing. Xin Xian, vice president of China Agricultural University; Qian Keming, research fellow of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and former vice minister of commerce; Qin Hu, vice president and chief representative of the Beijing Office of EDF, delivered the opening speeches.

  7. Library Resource
    January, 2023
    Kenya

    The evidence base for the effectiveness of gender-transformative approaches (GTAs) in agriculture and food system interventions is small and weak, and many studies do not focus on specifically evaluating these approaches and methods.
    While the very limited quantitative evidence suggests that interventions that integrate GTAs have weak or no effects on many outcomes for women’s empowerment outcomes (including gender norms), qualitative evidence shows that, in some instances, shifts in gender roles could eventually lead to change in gender norms.

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