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Map of Madagascar


Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world (587,295 km2) located in the Indian Ocean, some 400 km off the coast of Mozambique. The Republic of Madagascar comprises the main island and a number of small islands and is divided into six provinces and 22 administrative regions. In 2019 it had a population of some 25.68 million people with a low population density of 42.8 inhabitants per km2. 80.5% of the population live in the rural areas while 19.5% (5 million people) live in cities, of whom 2.58 million people live in major urban centres and 2.42 million in secondary urban centres.
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Land Area
58,180,000 ha
1,463.6 USD
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More on this country

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State of Land Information in Madagascar

New Report Provides Comprehensive Look at Land Data in Madagascar and Advocates for an Open Data Future

20 September 2023

The Land Portal Foundation and the Open Data Charter have released the report State of Land Information in Madagascar: An Open Data Action Framework for Madagascar, shedding light on the state of the land data ecosystem in Madagascar. The report serves as a comprehensive diagnostic tool and guide,…

Madagascar: New legislation puts local communities at risk of eviction to pave way for investors

16 June 2023

 Civil society organizations in Madagascar are now deeply concerned about the threat the recently passed foreign investment law poses. Currently undergoing a constitutional review, if approved by the High Constitutional Court, it enables foreign investors and companies to lease land for 99 years…

Cyclone in Madagascar kills dozens, displaces tens of thousands

30 January 2023

Cyclone Cheneso smashed into northeastern Madagascar 10 days ago, bringing strong winds and triggering downpours that have caused extensive flooding.



A ‘degradation myth’ has been long propagated, associating biodiversity loss primarily with the extensive ’slash and burn’ farming system, often excluding the substantive impacts from mining, plantation agriculture and commercial logging

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Fighting for Land and Shade

7 May 2024

Razina is different.  Unlike most people in Madagascar, his skin is pale.  His hair is blonde and his eyes are a light shade of pink.  Razina has albinism. He became aware of just how different he was at a very early age.  When he arrived at school for the first time, all the other children teased…

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Prindex - Perceptions of tenure security

Webinar: An introduction to Prindex, 28 November

Around the world, insecure property rights prevent families from feeling confident about the future, businesses from investing, and communities from becoming more productive. Hundreds of millions of us lack property security. This makes the world poorer, less free, and less just. There is a growing…