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Map of Uganda


The persistence of land and tenure related conflicts in Uganda reflects colonial social policies which promoted division and cemented inequality. Uganda is at the heart of the conflicted Great Lakes region and for some years the country has hosted the largest refugee population in Africa. The ruling National Resistance Movement led by President Yoweri Museveni has been in power for 36 years. Uganda’s agricultural modernisation, conservation and tourism promotion agendas have impacted on land rights. Unresolved land issues remain at the heart of national politics.    
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Land Area
20,052,000 ha
2,246.4 USD

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Call for applications: Africa consultancy roster

4 January 2024

Are you passionate about upholding Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities (IP&LC) rights and supporting the protection of forests and biodiversity and the governance of IPLC land and forests in the African continent?  

Uganda’s president stops plans seeking to review and amend the Land Act CAP 227 that sought to curb widespread illegal land evictions

10 July 2023

President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni Tibuhaburwa has halted the tabling of land act reforms, saying Uganda has more serious problems to deal with than those issues arising from the current land law.

Report Shows French Oil Giant's East African Pipeline Project Has 'Devastated' Thousands

10 July 2023

"They come here promising us everything," said one affected Ugandan. "We believed them. Now we are landless, the compensation money is gone, what fields we have left are flooded, and dust fills the air."

A number of long-established, sophisticated and socially stratified African polities governed territories preceding the imposition of British colonial rule in 1894. The Bunyoro Kingdom in Western Uganda was historically the largest polity established in the 14th century.

Blogs Browse all
Land Corruption in Zambia

Webinar Recap: Insights and Stories on the Impact of Land Corruption on Discriminated Groups in Africa

8 May 2024

The Land Portal Foundation, in partnership with Transparency International, hosted the webinar titled "Breaking New Ground: Insights and Stories on the Impact of Land Corruption on Discriminated Groups in Africa." The webinar brought together a panel of distinguished experts to delve into the…

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Climate resilience and land governance

Building Climate Resilience through Inclusive Land Governance

  On the opening day of #COP28, we hosted a thought-provoking webinar that delved into the intricate relationship between land governance and climate resilience, a critical area of immense importance in the context of global climate challenges and sustainable land use practices. This event aimed to…