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Peer-reviewed publication
Journal Articles & Books
December 2003
Southern Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
Africa
South Africa

Before 1994 the policy of apartheid in South Africa had systematically denied the majority of the population access to resources through legal restrictions on mobility, property rights, and residential location (Thompson 1990).

Peer-reviewed publication
Journal Articles & Books
December 2003
Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
Eastern Africa
Ethiopia

There is renewed interest in the intrahousehold allocation of welfare, particularly among economists studying poor countries where even slight differences in the allocation of household resources can have dramatic consequences on child and female nutrition, morbidity, and mortality (Haddad and Hoddinott 1994; Rose 1999; Dercon and Krishnan 2000).

Peer-reviewed publication
Journal Articles & Books
December 2003
Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
Western Africa
Ghana

This study explores the impact of changes in land tenure institutions on women’s land rights and the efficiency of tree resource management in western Ghana, where cocoa is the dominant crop.

Peer-reviewed publication
Journal Articles & Books
December 2003

The collective model of the household predicts that bargaining power determines the share of resources allocated to an individual within the household. The concept of bargaining power is elusive, however. It is perhaps useful at this point to outline the possible determinants of bargaining power, while not making any claims to measure power itself.

Peer-reviewed publication
Journal Articles & Books
December 2003
Asia
Southern Asia
Nepal

Reduction of rural poverty is one of the greatest challenges the Government of Nepal faces. Since most of the country’s agricultural production is semi-subsistence-oriented, increased commercialization of this rural-based economy is essential for poverty reduction and economic growth.

Peer-reviewed publication
Journal Articles & Books
December 2003
Asia
Southern Asia
Bangladesh

Pervasive poverty and undernutrition persist in Bangladesh. About half the country’s 130 million people cannot afford an adequate diet. Poverty has kept generations of families from sending their children to school, and without education their children’s future will be a distressing echo of their own.

Peer-reviewed publication
Journal Articles & Books
December 2003

One in every three preschool-aged children living in developing countries is malnourished. This disturbing yet preventable state of affairs causes untold suffering and, given its wide scale, is a major obstacle to the development process itself.

Peer-reviewed publication
Journal Articles & Books
December 2003
Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
Zambia

Despite substantial economic liberalization since the early 1990s, nontraditional exports in Zambia have grown only moderately and agricultural performance overall has been disappointing. Though agriculture accounts for less than 20 percent of gross domestic product (GDP), it is the most important source of employment, especially for women.

Peer-reviewed publication
Journal Articles & Books
December 2003
Asia
Southern Asia
Bangladesh

In rural areas of Bangladesh, poverty is pervasive and associated with high rates of malnutrition, especially among preschool children and women. Apart from low levels of energy intakes, it is increasingly recognized that rice-dominated diets such as those consumed by most poor in the countryside may not supply all micronutrients required for a healthy life and productive activities.

Peer-reviewed publication
Journal Articles & Books
December 2003
Asia
Southern Asia
Bangladesh

The bargaining power of men and women crucially shapes the resource allocation decisions households make (Quisumbing and de la Brière 2000). Husbands and wives often use their bargaining power to express different priorities about how resources should be allocated. Understanding these differences and their effects is critical if policymakers are to improve livelihoods.

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