In pastoral societies women face many challenges. Some describe these as a ‘double burden’ – that is, as pastoralists and as women. However, pastoral women may obtain a significant degree of protection from customary law even if customary institutions are male-dominated.
Land is one of the terrains of struggle for most rural women in Africa because of its importance in sustaining rural livelihoods, and social-cultural and geopolitical factors that hinder women from enjoying land rights. Even when there are progressive land laws, as it is for Tanzania, women have not really enjoyed their rights.
La historia del acceso a la tierra de esta Cooperativa es la historia de la negación de la demanda de tierra de los sectores populares de la microrregión de Guichón.El acceso campo fue de forma precaria en régimen de pastoreo. En ese momento solo 20 de los socios poseían alguna cantidad de animales vacunos, otros integrantes querían producir miel y otros trabajar en eco-turismo.
The need to maintain or increase livestock mobility in arid Africa has been widely embraced by ecologists, social scientists, and more recently regional governments. These movements are seen to sustain livestock production under a highly variable and changing climate. At the same time, livestock mobility is threatened by the expansion of agriculture onto rangelands.