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Map of Pakistan


Under demands from Islamic nationalists, present-day Pakistan was created from the partition of the Indian subcontinent in 1947, and then the secession of Bangladesh in 1971. The total land area is 770,875 km2, not including disputed regions of Jammu and Kashmir (claimed by both Pakistan and India). Borders are to India, China, Afghanistan, Iran, and the Arabian Sea to the south. There is a rich diversity of landscapes, including mountains, desert, and river delta areas. Nevertheless, Pakistan is mainly a dry-land country, 80% arid or semi-arid, and with high levels of water scarcity.
Socio-economic indicators browse all
Land Area
77,088,000 ha
5,232.1 USD

More on this country

News Browse all
Smoke rises after the Indian Army blew up a land mine in Jammu and Kashmir

One of the World’s Most Dangerous Places Is About to Have One of Its Most Important Mines

28 February 2023

India discovered an enormous deposit of lithium in Jammu and Kashmir regions

Supreme Court of Pakistan in Islamabad

Land should be acquired at market value: SC

19 February 2023

Supreme Court observed urgent need for legislation to resolve land acquisition disputes for public projects.


Punjab launching new land record system

6 January 2023

The Punjab government is starting a new land record system, but the revenue record of 460 mouzas (villages) in the district of Rawalpindi is still incomplete.

There are high levels of inequality over land ownership, with 64% of land owned by 5% of landlords, and more than 50% of rural families having no land

Blogs Browse all

Good Land Governance: The Problems of Transition to Transparency, Participation, and Accountability

11 July 2023

Good Land Governance is a governance system that aims to protect the property rights of individuals and enterprises based on following good governance principles like accountability, transparency, the rule of law, effectiveness, efficiency, equality and public participation.

Events Browse all
Women’s struggle for land in South Asia

Women’s struggle for land in South Asia: Can legal reforms trump social norms?

A century has passed since women in Undivided India, now divided into several countries of South Asia, demanded equal rights in property — especially land, the most important means of production in developing economies. The struggle continued after Independence. Today, the resultant legal reforms…