Agricultural production in Cambodia is concentrated in the northwestern districts bordering Thailand, on the central plains surrounding the Tonle Sap Lake and its river systems, along the Mekong and Bassac rivers towards the Mekong delta, and in the northern and northeastern provinces. In 2012, the total land-use area under major agricultural crops was about 4.015 million ha. Rice is the dominant crop, occupying about 2.968 million ha; non-rice crops are grown on about 1.047 million ha (MAFF 2012). Agricultural lands can be categorised into two distinct topographical regions: lowlands and uplands. Lowland soils mainly support rice farming interspersed with field crops, vegetable gardens, and fruit trees. Upland areas are mainly used for rubber plantations, maize, cassava, soybeans, mungbeans, peanuts, sesame, sugarcane, and fruit trees (MAFF 2012). Since knowledge about the biophysical constraints of upland soils remains limited and because Cambodian agriculture is heavily dependent on productivity of rainfed, lowland, rice-based farming systems, this policy brief focuses on crop and land management in the lowland.
Authors and Publishers
1. Our vision
Inclusive and sustainable development through independent policy research and developing capacity.
2. Our vision For Cambodia
Vision of CDRI, Cambodia Development Resource Institute, is for a peaceful, prosperous and more equitable Cambodia.
3. Our mission
To contribute to Cambodia’s sustainable development and the well-being of its people through the generation of high quality policy research, knowledge dissemination and capacity development.
4. Our core values: MERIT
The Mekong Land Research Forum seeks to bring research and policy a bit closer together. It does this in part by making the research more accessible and in part by helping to distill the key messages and points of debate so that information overload does not overwhelm policy makers and other advocates for progressive policy reform.