Intersections of land grabs and climate change mitigation strategies in Myanmar as a (post-) war state of conflict | Land Portal

Resource information

Date of publication: 
December 2015
Resource Language: 
ISBN / Resource ID: 
MLRF:2194
Pages: 
1-38

Myanmar has recently positioned itself as the world’s newest frontier market, while simultaneously undergoing transition to a post-war, neoliberal state. The new Myanmar government has put the country’s land and resources up for sale with the quick passing of market-friendly laws turning land into a commodity. Meanwhile, the Myanmar government has been engaging in a highly contentious national peace process, in an attempt to end one of the world's longest running civil wars. The Myanmar government has aggressively pushed for foreign investment in large-scale private agribusiness concessions through the introduction of a new supportive legal framework, with regional, and to a lesser extent, global corporations signing concession deals, some of which are meant for biofuel production. Meanwhile, REDD+, Readiness, and other similar forest conservation funds have been committed by IFIs and UN agencies, targeting (post-) war high-value conservation forest areas. Climate change mitigation projects and large-scale land deals can instigate conflicts over land and resources, but not just as separate processes occurring in discrete geographies. Working at the intersections of large-scale land acquisitions and climate change mitigation strategies viewed through a landscape perspective, this research project and analytic provides a lens through which to study complex interactions among land-based deals within and across socio-cultural, ecological, conflict and institutional arenas. The Myanmar country case study clearly demonstrates the dynamic interplay of, and the social and ecological spill-over effects from, multiple layers of competing land conflicts — in this case, land grabs and climate change mitigation strategies. These conflicts are firmly embedded in the historical processes, institutional agendas, and environmental particularities in which they take place.

Authors and Publishers

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 

Woods, Kevin

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