Land Confiscation in Burma: A Threat to Local Communities & Responsible Investment | Land Portal

Resource information

Date of publication: 
December 2014
Resource Language: 

ABSTRACTED FROM OPENING PARAGRAPHS: Land confiscation is one of the leading causes of protest and unrest in Burma, having led to the forced displacement of hundreds of thousands of people in recent years. It also undermines Burma’s fragile peace processes. The 2008 constitution and subsequent laws are used to legitimize arbitrary land confiscation, deny access to justice, and perpetuate an environment of impunity. Land confiscation for profitable large-scale development and commercial projects enrich the military, state-owned enterprises, and regime cronies, but result in the loss of livelihood and human rights abuses for local communities. Land confiscation often involves violence, resulting in grievous injury, to force people off their land, or to suppress resistance to land confiscation. Benefiting from land grabs, linked in some cases to ethnic cleansing or war atrocities, poses a risk to foreign investors and increases their exposure to judicial claims. Prevailing censorship and other institutional obstructions hinder access to accurate information required for due diligence processes. It is in the interests of the international corporate community to ensure that legislative and institution reforms include equitable and transparent land acquisition procedures and measures to protect communities from impunity.

Authors and Publishers

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 

Alternative_ASEAN_Network_Burma, (ALTSEAN)

Corporate Author(s): 

ALTSEAN-Burma (Alternative ASEAN Network on Burma) is a network of organizations and individuals based in ASEAN member states working to support the movement for human rights and democracy in Burma. The network is comprised of human rights & social justice NGOs, political parties, think tanks, academics, journalists and student activists. We were formed at the conclusion of the Alternative ASEAN Meeting on Burma held at Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, in October 1996.

Data provider

The purpose of the Mekong Land Research Forum online site is to provide structured access to published and unpublished research on land issues in the Mekong Region. It is based on the premise that debates and decisions around land governance can be enhanced by drawing on the considerable volume of research, documented experience and action-based reflection that is available.

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