Bouvet Island, Peter I Island and Queen Maud Land (45 ° east - 20 ° west latitudes) is subject to Norwegian sovereignty as dependency land. Norwegian civil and penal laws together on the administration of justice apply to Bouvet Island, Peter I Island and Queen Maud Land. The King may issue regulations on environmental protection on Bouvet Island, Peter I's Island and Queen Maud Land (art. 2). Additional provisions of this Act shall be determined by HM the King, whereby HM may implement amendments when and where required. Provisions of article 4 of Svalbard Act (17 July 1925) shall apply as equivalent. By international agreement, any foreign national may access Norway and be granted immunity for any act or omission occurred during their residence on or in the vicinity of Bouvet Island, Peter I Island, Queen Maud Land or other parts of Antarctica. It is forbidden to conduct nuclear explosion or placing radioactive waste in Bouvet Island, Peter I Island and Queen Maud Land (art. 4). The Ministry may appoint inspection bodies with assistance by the Norwegian authorities for stations, facilities, equipment, ships, and aircraft on this territory or elsewhere in Antarctica (art. 5). The King may issue further rules to ensure the implementation of this Act and of international agreements, recommendations and regulations which Norway has agreed upon. HM the King may stipulate provisions on liability and requirements for effective countermeasures which may have harmful consequences establishing provisions on preventive measures thereof – such as the obligation of drawing insurance to cover for such liabilities (art. 7). Violation of articles 4-5 and 7 shall be punishable by fines or imprisonment up to one year or both.
Amended by: Act amending Dependencies Act on Bouvet Island, Peter I Island and Queen Maud Land (No. 68 of 2008). (2008-06-27)
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Two centuries of Viking raids into Europe tapered off following the adoption of Christianity by King Olav TRYGGVASON in 994; conversion of the Norwegian kingdom occurred over the next several decades. In 1397, Norway was absorbed into a union with Denmark that lasted more than four centuries. In 1814, Norwegians resisted the cession of their country to Sweden and adopted a new constitution. Sweden then invaded Norway but agreed to let Norway keep its constitution in return for accepting the union under a Swedish king.